acquired immunity


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acquired immunity

[ə′kwīrd ə′myün·ə·dē]
(immunology)
Resistance to a microbial or other antigenic substance taken on by a naturally susceptible individual; may be either active or passive.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Innate immunity has evolved over millions of years and, unlike acquired immunity, is identical in all humans.
In addition to their antigen providing features in acquired immunity monocytes and macrophages are known to play a key role in the activation of natural immunity against the invasive characteristics of various infections.42328
High prevalence of asymptomatic malaria in apparently healthy children might be because of the acquired immunity to tolerate malaria parasites without having clinical symptoms.
Sumba et al., "Temporal stability of naturally acquired immunity to merozoite surfacep protein-1 in kenyan adults," Malaria Journal, vol.
The results revealed a clear enhancement of natural and acquired immunity through the activation of NK blood cells and an increase in phagocytic activity.
Medical records were used to divide women into two groups those who had been vaccinated against measles during infancy and those with naturally acquired immunity from measles infection earlier in life.
Medical records were analysed and the women divided into two groups - those who were vaccinated against measles as children, and those who had acquired immunity from catching measles when they were younger.
Since these are passively acquired antibodies, the mother's circulation would clean them out of her system after they had removed all the "foreign" Rh positive antigens from the babies circulation before the mother had enough time to start making her own actively acquired immunity! They say "it's not nice to fool Mother Nature", but sometimes you can do it and actually get away with it!
Honey is commended in its raw form but there are some lab-tested patented formulas that proved to be move effective as a way for enhancing acquired immunity, he added.
Immunologists, microbial geneticists, cell and molecular biologists, and other scientists from around the world outline the biology underlying different phagocyte lineages, the properties and functions of the phagosome, the link between innate and acquired immunity, the development of specific cellular and humoral immune responses, and different infection models and how the phagocytes respond to control the infection and improve protective immunity.
In severely malnourished patients, both acquired immunity like lymphocyte functions as well as innate host defense mechanisms like macrophages and granulocytes are affected.
The first 2 factors most likely reflect partial control of parasitemia by acquired immunity. Persons living in areas with high transmission of malaria acquire this immunity during childhood.

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