Acquittal

(redirected from acquit)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms, Wikipedia.
Related to acquit: Autrefois acquit

Acquittal

 

(judgment of acquittal), a court’s finding that a prisoner is not guilty of a charge against him. A judgment of acquittal is rendered in instances when the event of a crime has not been established, when the act of the prisoner does not contain the elements of a crime, or when participation of the prisoner in the commission of the crime has not been proved. The acquitted person is considered exonerated regardless of the grounds for the acquittal. The judgment of acquittal cancels the measures of securing confiscation of property and measures of restraint. The acquitted person is released from guard in the courtroom immediately after the judgment is announced. The judgment of acquittal may be vacated by way of cassation only on protest of a procurator or on appeal of a victim or a person acquitted (the latter has the right to appeal the judgment with respect to the reasons and grounds of acquittal). Judgments of acquittal rendered by the supreme courts of the Union republics and the Supreme Court of the USSR are not subject to cassational appeal and protest. Review of a judgment of acquittal by way of supervision is permitted only within the first year after it has entered into force.

References in classic literature ?
Her two remaining guardians wheeled to meet the return attack, and nobly did they acquit themselves, for it took the entire eleven who were pitted against them to overcome and slay the two.
Your defence is ingenious and sound," said the Cadi, "and I must acquit you of criminality.
Edricson, if God spare you, I think that you will acquit yourself well.
I think, Nigel," said Sir Oliver, striding across to the little knight, "that we should all acquit ourselves better had we our none-meat, for the sun is high in the heaven.
Acquitting Julian, Lady Janet declined to acquit Mercy.
Besides, a judge cannot be obliged to perjure himself who simply acquits or condemns, if the action is fairly and justly brought; for he who acquits the party does not say that he ought not to pay any fine at all, but that he ought not to pay a fine of twenty minae.
He pleaded the bench to acquit them after setting aside their death sentence.
Counsel for Ghazan Hoti informed the court that Raza Ali, in early hearings, told that he had taken the share of Ghazan Hoti but later he submitted the same amount to NAB so in this regard he (Ghazan) could not be tried and he was entitled to acquit under section 265 (K).
In its order, the court said it carefully studied the case and decided to acquit the manager.
On behalf of all people, the court decides to acquit Abdelati Al Obeidi and Mohamed Belgassem Al Zwai of all charges against them," the judge said.
Authorities found out that an eyewitness deposition, which eventually led the court to acquit the woman, had been falsified.