Acquittal

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Acquittal

 

(judgment of acquittal), a court’s finding that a prisoner is not guilty of a charge against him. A judgment of acquittal is rendered in instances when the event of a crime has not been established, when the act of the prisoner does not contain the elements of a crime, or when participation of the prisoner in the commission of the crime has not been proved. The acquitted person is considered exonerated regardless of the grounds for the acquittal. The judgment of acquittal cancels the measures of securing confiscation of property and measures of restraint. The acquitted person is released from guard in the courtroom immediately after the judgment is announced. The judgment of acquittal may be vacated by way of cassation only on protest of a procurator or on appeal of a victim or a person acquitted (the latter has the right to appeal the judgment with respect to the reasons and grounds of acquittal). Judgments of acquittal rendered by the supreme courts of the Union republics and the Supreme Court of the USSR are not subject to cassational appeal and protest. Review of a judgment of acquittal by way of supervision is permitted only within the first year after it has entered into force.

References in periodicals archive ?
Appeals have also been filed by the public prosecution against the acquittal of Mubarak, his two sons Gamal and Alaa, Hussein Salem and six aides of Al-Adly's on the charges of abuse of power and bribery.
Prosecutors said the acquittal was based on the defence's "weak evidence" and that the court failed to "express its legal opinion" on prosecution evidence and ignored "key confessions" by the suspects.
12) Trials are lessons in civics, and acquittals are the price the society pays for taking so seriously the obligation that the government has to be able to demonstrate guilt convincingly in open court for a defendant to be convicted.
The Law Commission, a panel which promotes reform of the law, suggests the Court of Appeal should have power to quash an acquittal for murder providing there is new evidence which makes it 'highly probable that the defendant was guilty'.
The judge ordered jurors to resume deliberations, and they delivered the acquittal Thursday morning.
And scientific advances, particularly in DNA testing, mean strong evidence can be uncovered long after an initial acquittal, leaving victims feeling cheated.
Ross Hoffman of Ventura said he was disillusioned with the criminal justice system because of the acquittals and has lost interest in the Simpson case.
Abramson's plea for acquittal came as she attacked for a second day the prosecution's claim the brothers killed for their parents' $14 million fortune and to stop the couple from meddling in their lives.
Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Paul Flynn declared a mistrial in the four-month proceedings after the jurors said they were deadlocked 9-3 in favor of acquittal.
Counter-terror agencies are concerned that over 150 acquittals have taken place since the organisation was first banned.
Over half of all unsuccessful outcomes in rape trials over the whole of the North East are the result of jury acquittals.
The court upheld the acquittal of 34 suspects while it overturned convictions of 24 others and ruled for their acquittal.