Acquittal

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Acquittal

 

(judgment of acquittal), a court’s finding that a prisoner is not guilty of a charge against him. A judgment of acquittal is rendered in instances when the event of a crime has not been established, when the act of the prisoner does not contain the elements of a crime, or when participation of the prisoner in the commission of the crime has not been proved. The acquitted person is considered exonerated regardless of the grounds for the acquittal. The judgment of acquittal cancels the measures of securing confiscation of property and measures of restraint. The acquitted person is released from guard in the courtroom immediately after the judgment is announced. The judgment of acquittal may be vacated by way of cassation only on protest of a procurator or on appeal of a victim or a person acquitted (the latter has the right to appeal the judgment with respect to the reasons and grounds of acquittal). Judgments of acquittal rendered by the supreme courts of the Union republics and the Supreme Court of the USSR are not subject to cassational appeal and protest. Review of a judgment of acquittal by way of supervision is permitted only within the first year after it has entered into force.

References in periodicals archive ?
The most common issues cited in the apex judgements for the acquittals were the lower courts' reliance on chance witnesses with no explanation for why they were at the crime scene and witnesses whose testimonies contradicted physical evidence.
An appeal challenged the acquittal of Izharullah and Sabir, while the other requested the high court to increase the sentence of life imprisonment awarded to Asad and Arif to death penalty.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Mar 23 (ANI): The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Monday filed an appeal in the Delhi High Court against the acquittal of former telecom minister A Raja, DMK MP Kanimozhi and others in the 2G spectrum case.
The Duterte administration has inflicted the judiciary with 'impunity virus' following the acquittal of the 'powerful' and 'influential' of criminal charges, according to Senator Leila de Lima.
THOUGH the Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) has been banned since September 27, 2001 for its anti-national activities, acquittal of many of its members facing criminal charges is giving nightmares to both intelligence agencies and the home ministry.
at 774 (discussing convictions where silence alone did not imply acquittal unless logically compelled); see also supra note 26 and accompanying text (addressing convictions where courts implied acquittals only if logic demanded).
Swedish telecomms solutions provider Ericsson (OMX Stockholm:ERIC A) (OMX Stockholm:ERIC B) (NASDAQ:ERIC) said on Thursday (10 July) that the Court of Appeal has upheld the acquittals of all current and former Ericsson employees who faced charges of evasion of tax control.
(22) Harris contends that it was the medicalization of crime, and more specifically the diagnosis of sudden madness in crimes of passion, that led to such frequent acquittals. However, a brief analysis of a larger sample of cases suggests that Harris's explanation can only account for the outcome in a small number of trials involving crimes of passion.
It is only possible to choose between these theoretical possibilities--the trial distortion theory and the accuracy hypothesis--by observing particular criminal justice systems at work; accordingly, this Article interprets the patterns of guilty pleas and acquittals in the federal criminal justice system.
Instead, the author presents a story of political influences and policy decisions that directly impacted the incident and the rioting in the aftermath of the acquittal verdicts of the involved police officers.
Nonetheless, it reversed the district court's acquittal of Walker and Meyer but left the door open for the district court to order a new trial.
The outcome of this suit and the outcome of several upcoming related cases will go a long way in creating an atmosphere of healing in the wake of King's beating at the hands of four white police officers and the rioting that followed the officers' acquittal.