acrodynia


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acrodynia

[‚ak·rō′din·ē·ə]
(medicine)
A childhood syndrome associated with mercury ingestion and characterized by periods of irritability alternating with apathy, anorexia, pink itching hands and feet, photophobia, sweating, tachycardia, hypertension, and hypotonia.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, one child had elevated urinary mercury at a level known to cause acrodynia in some children.
In the past thirty years only one other case of acrodynia resulting from paint has been reported to the Centers for Disease Control, but health officials there are increasingly concerned that mercury poses an environmental hazard as great as that of lead |see box on page 228~.
These effects range from mild rashes and eczema to total body rash or acrodynia (ATSDR, 1999; Bonhomme & Gladyszaczak-Kholer, 1996; Muhlendahl, 1990; Risher et al., 2003; Schwartz, Snider, & Montiel, 1992; Yeates & Mortensen, 1994).
We are not aware of any cases of acrodynia or clinically overt mercury poisoning as a consequence of these exposures.
In children, mercury toxicity may result in the rare syndrome of acrodynia, which is characterized by severe leg cramps, irritability, paresthesia, excessive perspiration, pruritus, and painful redness and peeling of the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
2001), to the mercurials used in teething powders causing acrodynia (or pink disease) (Dinehart et al.
Even at low levels, metallic mercury can cause health problems that may include tremors; changes in vision or hearing; insomnia; weakness; difficulty with memory; headaches; irritability; shyness and nervousness; and a condition called acrodynia, which is characterized by itching, swelling, flushing, pink-colored palms and soles of the feet, excessive perspiration, rashes, irritability, fretfulness, sleeplessness, joint pains, and weakness.
In children, mercury poisoning can result in the syndrome of acrodynia, which is characterized by severe leg cramps, irritability, paresthesias, excessive perspiration, pruritus, and painful redness and peeling of the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
Many signs and symptoms of mercury exposure correspond to autism (3), and pink disease (acrodynia) from inorganic mercurial teething powders and autism bear strong behavioral resemblance.
In comparison, chronic inorganic mercury poisoning can result in intention tremor, memory loss, insomnia, depression, irritability, excessive shyness, emotional instability, delirium, and acrodynia and may result in a neurologic syndrome known as "mad hatter syndrome" (2)(3)(4)(5).
Dawa and W.Kihia (1981), Mercury poisoning as cause of acrodynia in Kenya children, a preliminary report, East African Med.