acrolein


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acrolein

[ə′krōl·ē·ən]
(organic chemistry)
CH2=CHCHO A colorless to yellow liquid with a pungent odor and a boiling point of 52.7°C; soluble in water, alcohol, and ether; used in organic synthesis, pharmaceuticals manufacture, and as an herbicide and tear gas.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
BMDL10 values were: 56, 0.36, 0.25 and 28mg [kg.sup.-1] of body weight per day were used for acetaldehyde (LACHENMEIER et al., 2009), acrolein (ATSDR, 2007), EC (SCHLATTER et al., 2010) and formaldehyde (MONAKHOVA et al., 2012), respectively, as already mentioned in a previous study (FERREIRA et al.
For the RON 92 E10 fuel, the proportion of formaldehyde + acetaldehyde + acrolein to total aldehydes remains fairly constant, however, the proportion of formaldehyde increases with increasing load, potentially indicating more widespread oxidation occurring.
Acrolein disrupts vital components in cell membranes called lipids.
Every 15 breaths taken from e-cigarette correspond to one cigarette, and 0.20-5.6 [micro]g of formaldehyde, 0.11-1.136 [micro]g of acetaldehyde, 0.07-4.19 [micro]g of acrolein, and 0.02-0.63 [micro]g of toluene is taken on average.
Acrolein, propionaldehyde, crotonaldehyde, and butyraldehyde (99.5%) were purchased from Quality Control Chemicals INC (USA); acetone and butanone (>99%) were purchased from Fisher (UK); deionized/distilled water was made by Thermo Scientific GenPure.
(10) A French report in 2013 found formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and acrolein in e-cigarettes.
The toxic effects are due to the production of acrolein produced from the allyl side chains of this aliphatic disulphide.
Oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) can produce more neurotoxic molecules such as malondialdehyde (MDA), 4 hydroxynonenal (HNE), and acrolein [22, 23].
Some reactive carbonyls (e.g., acrolein, crotonaldehyde, glyoxal, acetone, and formaldehyde) are ubiquitous industrial pollutants which can readily enter the cell from the environment [16-18].
CP is metabolically activated via hepatic microsomes forming two active metabolites, namely, phosphoramide mustard and acrolein [39].
In 2011, a study commissioned by the city concluded that drilling exposed residents to harmful pollutants like acrolein, benzene and formaldehyde, but not at dangerous levels.
Finally, the company wants to increase its limit on hydrogen chloride emissions, while reducing its thresholds on other hazardous pollutants such as formaldehyde, acrolein and styrene.