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court jester,

a person who entertains with buffoonery and an often caustic wit. In all countries from ancient times and extending into the 18th cent., mental and physical deformity provided amusement. Attached to noble and royal courts were dwarfs, cripples, idiots, albinos, and freaks. The medieval court fool was seldom mentally deficient. For the freedom to indulge in satire, tricks, and repartee, many men of keen insight and caustic wit obtained powerful patronage by assuming the role of fool. This role was played in the courts of the East, in ancient Greece and Rome, and in the court of Montezuma. The clownclown,
a comic character usually distinguished by garish makeup and costume whose antics are both humorously clumsy and acrobatic. The clown employs a broad, physical style of humor that is wordless or not as self-consciously verbal as the traditional fool or jester.
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 or jester was common in Elizabethan drama (e.g., the Fool in King Lear), and by donning the fool's garb the actor gained the freedom of the fool. His costume, which was hung with bells, usually consisted of a varicolored coat, tight breeches with legs of different colors—occasionally a long petticoat was worn—and a bauble (mock scepter) and a cap which fitted close to the head or fell over the shoulders in the form of asses' ears. Till Eulenspiegel and Robin Goodfellow are mythical fools.


See B. Swain, Fools and Folly (1932); E. Welsford, The Fool (1936, repr. 1961); S. Billington, A Social History of the Fool (1984).


(formerly) a professional jester living in a royal or noble household


Fool's Lisp. A small Scheme interpreter.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mallett, 53, said he would not stop acting the fool, despite riling the camp with his antics and remarks.
It's the same if my little brother came out and started acting the fool.
Do you like telling jokes, acting the fool or composing and singing humorous songs?
She's the first and only show in town and even the mature bucks can't resist acting the fool in trying to find her.
Is Danny acting the fool or is King's Academy too harsh?
Dr Scobie says: "If you're always playing to the gallery, acting the fool or whatever, you'll eventually start questioning who you really are.
For his part, however, principal Mitchell testified that he only saw "white folks video-taping black students acting the fool.
In 1965 I took a photo of three friends acting the fool in a skeletal family saloon in a field.