2008) and evaluation of the performance of passive and active monitors (Wang and Cooper 2011, 2012; Wang, Gibb, Bennett, McKnight 2009; Weeks et al.
The active monitors captured approximately twice as many bed bugs as the passive monitors (10% versus 5%, respectively), but given the experimental design this was not a statistically significant difference (F = 0.21; DF = 2/13; P > 0.81).
Outside directors should function as active monitors
of corporate management, not just in crisis but continually; they should have an active role in the formulation of the long-term strategic, financial, and organizational goals of the corporation and should approve plans to achieve those goals; they should as well engage in the periodic review of short- and long-term performance according to plan and be prepared to press for correction when, in their judgment, there is need.
. Active agents use a form of robot to periodically perform one or more defined business transactions typical of key applications.