surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.

surveillance

Monitoring people's actions and behavior either via camera or by tracking financial transactions. Surveillance is performed by governments for the protection of its people such as detecting criminals or for the preservation of an authoritarian administration. See connected camera, CCTV, network camera, facial recognition and sousveillance.
References in periodicals archive ?
"This means we could predict whether or not prostate cancer patients already on active surveillance would require treatment.
"This raises the question of whether we need to investigate whether active surveillance is a safe option when patients do not receive routine monitoring," Chen said.
Active surveillance program for prostate cancer: an update of the Johns Hopkins experience.
In a propensity score-matched analysis designed to smooth out potential confounders, the investigators found that receipt of MRI around the time of diagnosis was associated with a significantly higher likelihood of active surveillance, with an odds ratio of 1.90 (95% confidence interval, 1.56-2.32).
54 men on active surveillance were identified to have received multiple mpMRI.
Active surveillance has been proposed as a management strategy for low-risk, localized PCa, and contemporary data suggest that active surveillance has been increasingly used worldwide.
The first study analyzed was "Potential Role of Active Surveillance in the Control of a Hospital-Wide Outbreak of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Infection".
In our study, more than 400 patients with known MRSA were rescreened with an active surveillance culture at a subsequent hospital admission.
A literature review was done using the Cognitive-Social Health Information Processing (C-SHIP) framework to identify how and why men diagnosed with prostate cancer choose active surveillance over other treatment options.