configuration

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configuration

1. Physics Chem
a. the shape of a molecule as determined by the arrangement of its atoms
b. the structure of an atom or molecule as determined by the arrangement of its electrons and nucleons
2. Psychol the unit or pattern in perception studied by Gestalt psychologists
3. Computing the particular choice of hardware items and their interconnection that make up a particular computer system
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

configuration

(kon-fig-yŭ-ray -shŏn) See aspect.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006

Configuration

The form of a figure as determined by the arrangement of its parts, outline, or contour.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

configuration

see FIGURATION.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

Configuration

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Traditionally, the term configuration was used to refer to any aspect. In contemporary astrology, the term is reserved for sets of interrelated aspects involving three or more planets, such as T-squares, grand trines, and so forth. By extension, the configuration is sometimes used to refer to the pattern presented by the entire horoscope.

The Astrology Book, Second Edition © 2003 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Configuration

 

(of molecules). In stereochemistry the configuration characterizes the spatial arrangement of atoms or groups of atoms in an asymmetric atom, in an asymmetrically substituted double bond, in a small (rigid) ring, and in the central atom of complex compounds.

The differences in configuration are determined by the existence of two types of stable stereoisomers: geometrical and optical isomers. Chemical and particularly physical methods of investigation are widely used in determining the configuration of molecules. Thus, using a special X-ray technique, it has been possible to demonstrate, for example, the spatial arrangement of substituents around asymmetric carbon atoms (designated by asterisks) in a molecule of tartaric acid—dextrorotatory (I) and levorotatory (II):

The configuration of a molecule does not alter with changes in its conformation, that is, the rotation of individual parts of a molecule relative to one another about single bonds. Sometimes (for example, in the chemistry and physical chemistry of macromolecular compounds), the term “configuration” is used in a broader sense to include the entire spatial model of a molecule.

V. M. POTAPOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

configuration

[kən‚fig·yə′rā·shən]
(aerospace engineering)
A particular type of specific aircraft, rocket, or such, which differs from others of the same model by the arrangement of its components or by the addition or omission of auxiliary equipment; for example, long-range configuration or cargo configuration.
(chemistry)
The three-dimensional spatial arrangement of atoms in a stable or isolable molecule.
(computer science)
For a computer system, the relationship of hardware elements to each other, and the manner in which they are electronically connected.
(electricity)
A group of components interconnected to perform a desired circuit function.
(mathematics)
An arrangement of geometric objects.
(mechanics)
The positions of all the particles in a system.
(systems engineering)
A group of machines interconnected and programmed to operate as a system.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

configuration

The spatial arrangement of wood particles, chips, flakes, or fibers used in particleboard, fiberboard, etc.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

configuration (as applied to the airplane)

A particular combination of the position of the moveable elements, such as wing flaps, landing gear, etc., which affect the aerodynamic characteristics of the airplane (ICAO).
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

configuration

The makeup of a system. To "configure software" means selecting programmable options that make the program function to the user's liking. To "configure hardware" means assembling desired components for a custom system as well as selecting options in the user-programmable parts of the system. "Configurability" refers to the hardware or software's ability to be changed and customized. See settings.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.