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court jester,

a person who entertains with buffoonery and an often caustic wit. In all countries from ancient times and extending into the 18th cent., mental and physical deformity provided amusement. Attached to noble and royal courts were dwarfs, cripples, idiots, albinos, and freaks. The medieval court fool was seldom mentally deficient. For the freedom to indulge in satire, tricks, and repartee, many men of keen insight and caustic wit obtained powerful patronage by assuming the role of fool. This role was played in the courts of the East, in ancient Greece and Rome, and in the court of Montezuma. The clownclown,
a comic character usually distinguished by garish makeup and costume whose antics are both humorously clumsy and acrobatic. The clown employs a broad, physical style of humor that is wordless or not as self-consciously verbal as the traditional fool or jester.
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 or jester was common in Elizabethan drama (e.g., the Fool in King Lear), and by donning the fool's garb the actor gained the freedom of the fool. His costume, which was hung with bells, usually consisted of a varicolored coat, tight breeches with legs of different colors—occasionally a long petticoat was worn—and a bauble (mock scepter) and a cap which fitted close to the head or fell over the shoulders in the form of asses' ears. Till Eulenspiegel and Robin Goodfellow are mythical fools.


See B. Swain, Fools and Folly (1932); E. Welsford, The Fool (1936, repr. 1961); S. Billington, A Social History of the Fool (1984).

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(formerly) a professional jester living in a royal or noble household
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


Fool's Lisp. A small Scheme interpreter.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A little later, Lollio rejoins Isabella and Antonio on-stage, and Antonio immediately acts the fool again with 'Ha, he!
HERE COMES THE SUN Lennon poses in shades during a break from touring; LOVE ME DOPE John Lennon acts the fool while on stage in America; IT'S ONLY ROCK 'N' ROLL BUT I LIKE IT Mick watches band on a US telly show; ROAD MANAGER Bob Bonis; REVOLVER Playful Ringo holds gun to head; JOHN, POOL, GEORGE, RINGO Beatles mess about by hotel pool; COMB ON Rolling Stone Keith Richards gives Charlie Watts a trim; HE'S A HEAT FIGHTING MAN Mick soaks up the sun in red swimming trunks
KERRY Katona acts the fool with daughter Lilly Sue - by sticking the three-year-old's dummy in her mouth.