Cholangitis

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cholangitis

[‚kō· lən′jīd·as]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the bile ducts.

Cholangitis

 

(also angiocholitis), inflammation of the bile ducts owing to infection; the infection spreads into the bile ducts, in most cases, from the gallbladder, intestine, or blood vessels; less commonly, its path is through the lymphatic system. Cholestasis, or stoppage of the flow of bile, contributes to the development of the disease. Cholangitis is caused mainly by chronic inflammation of the gallbladder and the subsequent spread of the infection to the biliary tract. Cholangitis may be acute or chronic; depending on the types of changes in the ducts, it may be catarrhal or purulent. Symptoms include dyspepsia, elevated body temperature, jaundice, and changes in the composition of the blood.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the present study, we retrospectively examined patients who underwent early ERCP for mild-to-moderate acute cholangitis associated with choledocholithiasis and compared the therapeutic outcomes and safety of single-session stone removal with biliary drainage alone.
They included ectopic pregnancy, acute cholangitis, surgery site abscess, gastritis, acute hepatitis, urinary tract infection, biliary colic, incarcerated periumbilical hernia, varicocele, pelvic inflammatory disease, and mittelschmerz.
Strasberg et al., "TG13 guidelines for diagnosis and severity grading of acute cholangitis (with videos)," Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences, vol.
With regard to the primary endpoint, we compared the clinical success rate of the 4-Fr NBD catheter with that of the 6-Fr NBD catheter in patients with acute cholangitis and/or obstructive jaundice, without jaundice, and with findings of cholestasis.
Kwang Shim et al., "Extended spectrum-[beta]-lactamase or carbapenemase producing bacteria isolated from patients with acute cholangitis," Clinical Endoscopy, vol.
In acute cholangitis, the imaging findings include both biliary and parenchymal changes.
In addition to antibiotics for acute cholangitis (metronidazole 500 mg/IV/q6h and ceftazidim 200 mg/IV/q8h), triclabendazole (10 mg/kg single dose) was started for therapy.
Extremely Elevated CA 19-9 in Acute Cholangitis. Dig Dis Sci.
Bacterial infection is the most common type of acute cholangitis, with a Gram-negative preponderance.
The management of acute cholangitis and the impact of endoscopic sphincterotomy.
"You must also be very aware of alcoholic hepatitis; sometimes it mimics acute cholangitis," he added.
Up to one in 11 patients admitted to hospital with gallstone disease has acute cholangitis - inflammation of the bile ducts - according to Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin (DTB).

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