Polyneuritis

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Related to acute infectious polyneuritis: acute idiopathic polyneuritis

polyneuritis

[¦päl·i·nu̇′rīd·əs]
(medicine)
Degenerative or inflammatory lesions of several nerves simultaneously, usually symmetrical. Also known as multiple neuritis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Polyneuritis

 

multiple inflammation of the nerves. The principal causes of polyneuritis are infectious, particularly viral, diseases; intoxications, usually those caused by alcohol; and metabolic disturbances occurring with diabetes mellitus and uremia. Polyneuritis may arise with such avitaminoses as beriberi and as an occupational disease, for example, with vibration sickness or the chronic effects of cold. Usually the radices of the spinal nerves are affected (polyradiculoneuritis), the peripheral nerves, and the cranial nerves. Sometimes the central nervous system is also affected (encephalomyeloradiculoneuri-tis).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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