acute inflammation


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Related to acute inflammation: chronic inflammation

acute inflammation

[ə′kyüt in·flə′mā·shən]
(medicine)
Severe inflammation with rapid progress and pronounced symptoms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Topical GLN was not the reason behind the shortened time of acute inflammation. Thus, the difference between the enteral and topical groups was the slight inevitable trauma on the mucous layer in topical application, making acute inflammation to persist.
We detected acute inflammation in only one third of the patients, but the presence of abdominal pain, nausea and leukocytosis in almost all patients with available clinical data suggests that lymphoid hyperplasia causes a clinical entity resembling acute appendicitis, which may not be distinguished from appendicitis even radiologically (12), and along with congestion, which is the second most common finding in the present study, it may be representing an exaggerated response of the intestinal immune system.
Ellagic acid protects against carrageenan-induced acute inflammation through inhibition of nuclear factor kappa B, inducible cyclooxygenase and proinflammatory cytokines and enhancement of interleukin-10 via an antioxidant mechanism.
The Kruskal-Wallis test was applied to compare between the groups for assessment of acute inflammation, chronic inflammation, fibrosis, and granulation tissue.
Half an hour after administration of extract and standard drug, acute inflammation induced by applying 30 uL of xylene to right ear (Atta and Alkofahi, 1998).
Carrageenan induced hind paw oedema in rats is the standard model of acute inflammation. The result of the present study suggests that the ethanolic extract of leaves of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis in doses 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg significantly suppressed carrageenan induced paw oedema in rats when compared with the control group.
However, when uncontrolled or inappropriately activated, acute inflammation can lead to persistent chronic inflammation, causing asthma and neurological degenerative disorders, as well as metabolic diseases, including diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and even cancer; if the inflammatory response is left unchecked, many inflammatory mediators are released into the blood, causing sepsis, which can lead to death [2].
In more complicated cases with evidence of fecalith, or appendiceal abscess or phlegm, initial antimicrobial therapy reduces the acute inflammation and urgent need for surgery, but persistent inflammation of the appendix is often observed and appendectomy, either acutely or after improvement following antimicrobial therapy, appears indicated.
According to the authors, despite widespread attention given to vitamin D deficiency, "there is a lack of evidence demonstrating that intervention with vitamin D is capable of resolving acute inflammation."
Results: In the model of acute inflammation, i.e., carrageenin-induced paw edema in rats, N.
Acute inflammation is a desirable response to injuries and infections, but chronic inflammation, which can be present without noticeable symptoms for years, can lead to serious health problems, such as Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, cancer, and heart disease.

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