acute pancreatitis


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Related to acute pancreatitis: Chronic pancreatitis

acute pancreatitis

[ə′kyüt ′pan·krē·ə′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
A disease of unknown etiology that causes sudden liberation of activated pancreatic enzymes that digest the pancreatic parenchyma, leading to dissolution of fat and production of calcium soaps, and rupture of pancreatic vessels with resultant hemorrhage and shock.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many scoring systems have been developed for the detection of severe acute pancreatitis including Ranson's score, APACHE-II score, CTSI score, MOSS and GLASGOW score.8-10 The Ranson's score has been used over three decades.
Since DIC is a frequent complication in severe acute pancreatitis, the therapeutic effect of rTM for severe acute pancreatitis was expected.
Initial laboratory tests showed an INR of 8, hemoglobin of 60 g/L, serum lipase at 1050 UI/L, and C-reactive protein at 250 mg/L A CT scan showed a parietal duodenal hematoma extended from the superior flexure of the duodenum to the duodenojejunal junction and severe acute pancreatitis with glandular necrosis of the pancreatic gland and retroperitoneal fat necrosis; the modified CT severity index was 10 points.
Acute pancreatitis can become chronic pancreatitis, where the organ becomes permanently damaged from inflammation over many years.
The present study was conducted to study the clinical presentation of acute pancreatitis among the suspected cases admitted to department of general medicine in tertiary case institute.
Our aim was to present diagnostic challenges faced by Emergency Department (ED) physicians in the management of a comatose patient with a rare form of acute pancreatitis.
Although it has been shown in many studies that an acute pancreatitis incidence is increasing, the mortality rate has been gradually reduced due to developments in diagnostic and therapeutic modalities (17).
A substantial number of drugs commonly prescribed for gastrointestinal disorders are known to cause acute pancreatitis. In general, the etiopathological mechanisms involved in DIP remain unclear.
CRAC channels are found on many cell types, including immune cells and pancreatic acinar cells, where aberrant activation of these channels is thought to play a key role in the pathobiology of acute pancreatitis.
There are two types, acute pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis.
A 55-year-old woman with a history of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura for 3 years was admitted for acute pancreatitis. While vacationing in France, she developed a sharp, severe midepigastric pain.

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