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inflammation of the pharynx



acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.

Acute pharyngitis in man is caused primarily by microbes (streptococcus, staphylococcus, and pneumococcus) and viruses (grippe and the adenoviruses); in the case of a severe cold or sinusitis, the inflammation frequently spreads to the pharynx from the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The symptoms of pharyngitis are dryness of the pharynx, painful swallowing—especially in the absence of food or drink—and a body temperature ranging from normal to 37.5°C. Treatment includes gargling with alkaline and disinfectant solutions, drinking warm liquids, and a bland diet.

Chronic pharyngitis may result from repeated acute infections of the pharynx, chronic infections in the nose and paranasal sinuses, chronic tonsillitis, and prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx caused by smoking, alcohol abuse, the inhalation of dust or noxious gases, and overexposure to cold. The symptoms are dryness of the pharynx, a burning or tickling sensation (a “scratchy” throat), painful swallowing, coughing, and the frequent need to expectorate. The condition is treated by removing the causative factors, gargling or rinsing the pharynx with alkaline solutions (inhalation), and applying a solution of Lugol’s caustic in glycerine to the posterior wall of the pharynx.


See references under LARYNGITIS.
Pharyngitis in animals is caused by the penetration of microorganisms in the pharyngeal tissues, usually resulting from a chill to the body or from the effect of extreme cold on the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, strangles, and pasteurellosis, may be accompanied by pharyngitis. The symptoms include difficulty in swallowing, excessive salivation, nasal discharge (with nasal regurgitation of food), swelling and soreness in the region of the pharynx, and—in acute pharyngitis—elevation of body temperature. Treatment includes application of heat to the affected areas, parenteral treatment with sulfanilamides and antibiotics, and serotherapy.


Inflammation of the pharynx.
References in periodicals archive ?
Acute pharyngitis is one of the more common conditions encountered in office practice, accounting for 2% of all ambulatoryvisits in the United States.
Amoxicillin remains the most prescribed antimicrobial for all three indications, followed by clarithromycin for acute bronchitis, penicillin V for acute pharyngitis, and azithromycin for otitis media.
Pediatric medicine patients presenting with acute pharyngitis or sinusitis were most frequently attended by PAs/NPs (23.
Bisno therefore takes "strong exception" to the guidelines for treating acute pharyngitis in adults endorsed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American College of Physicians, and the American Academy of Family Physicians (Ann.
Performing additional testing adds cost, and since multiple types of [beta]-hemolytic streptococci can cause acute pharyngitis, (3) and treatment, although not necessary to prevent complications, (5) is of symptomatic value, adoption of a pragmatic position that equates [beta]-hemolytic streptococci observed with group A streptococci observed is understandable.
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Acute pharyngitis is one of the most frequent illnesses for which pediatricians and other primary care physicians are consulted, with an estimated 15 million visits per year in the United States.
Isolates collected from throat specimens of patients with acute pharyngitis were identified as GAS from primary media by a variety of standard methods.
Acute pharyngitis accounts for 1 to 2% of all visits to primary care physicians.
If a patient with acute pharyngitis has symptoms suggesting infection with group A [beta]-hemolytic streptococci (fever, no cough, no hoarseness, no rhinorrhea, no myalgias), a rapid screen for streptococcus is appropriate.
In the minds of most researchers and clinicians, the contributory role of GCS/GGS to acute pharyngitis is consistent with supporting evidence from numerous studies, albeit of varying quality (19, 20).
The acute pharyngitis is followed by a septic thrombophiebitis of the internal jugular vein and dissemination of the infection to multiple sites distant from the pharynx.