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inflammation of the pharynx
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.

Acute pharyngitis in man is caused primarily by microbes (streptococcus, staphylococcus, and pneumococcus) and viruses (grippe and the adenoviruses); in the case of a severe cold or sinusitis, the inflammation frequently spreads to the pharynx from the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The symptoms of pharyngitis are dryness of the pharynx, painful swallowing—especially in the absence of food or drink—and a body temperature ranging from normal to 37.5°C. Treatment includes gargling with alkaline and disinfectant solutions, drinking warm liquids, and a bland diet.

Chronic pharyngitis may result from repeated acute infections of the pharynx, chronic infections in the nose and paranasal sinuses, chronic tonsillitis, and prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx caused by smoking, alcohol abuse, the inhalation of dust or noxious gases, and overexposure to cold. The symptoms are dryness of the pharynx, a burning or tickling sensation (a “scratchy” throat), painful swallowing, coughing, and the frequent need to expectorate. The condition is treated by removing the causative factors, gargling or rinsing the pharynx with alkaline solutions (inhalation), and applying a solution of Lugol’s caustic in glycerine to the posterior wall of the pharynx.


See references under LARYNGITIS.
Pharyngitis in animals is caused by the penetration of microorganisms in the pharyngeal tissues, usually resulting from a chill to the body or from the effect of extreme cold on the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, strangles, and pasteurellosis, may be accompanied by pharyngitis. The symptoms include difficulty in swallowing, excessive salivation, nasal discharge (with nasal regurgitation of food), swelling and soreness in the region of the pharynx, and—in acute pharyngitis—elevation of body temperature. Treatment includes application of heat to the affected areas, parenteral treatment with sulfanilamides and antibiotics, and serotherapy.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Inflammation of the pharynx.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Group A beta haemolytic Streptococci (GABHS) account for 15-30 per cent of cases of acute pharyngitis in children and 5 to 20 per cent in adults.1
At the moment, numerous pharmaceutical products that contain disinfectants, anti-inflammatory agents, and/or topical anesthetics are being prescribed for the local treatment of acute pharyngitis. (3,4) In our study, we used a mouth spray that contains chlorhexidine and benzydamine.
Amoxicillin remains the most prescribed antimicrobial for all three indications, followed by clarithromycin for acute bronchitis, penicillin V for acute pharyngitis, and azithromycin for otitis media.
For example, adjusted ORs for the likelihood that a PA/NP attended a visit for acute pharyngitis increased from 1.702 to 2.141 (p<.05), while the adjusted ORs for diabetes visits attended by PAs/NPs decreased from 2.112 to 0.932 (p< .05).
Performing additional testing adds cost, and since multiple types of [beta]-hemolytic streptococci can cause acute pharyngitis, (3) and treatment, although not necessary to prevent complications, (5) is of symptomatic value, adoption of a pragmatic position that equates [beta]-hemolytic streptococci observed with group A streptococci observed is understandable.
AFDC adults Acute pharyngitis 462 10 days 15 days Essential hypertension 401 180 days 30 days Urinary tract infection 599 40 days 45 days
* Acute pharyngitis with a positive GAS throat culture, with or without a rising antibody level.
Most cases of viral and bacterial acute pharyngitis are self-limiting, including those caused by GABHS, so the primary reason for considering antibiotic therapy is to prevent acute rheumatic fever (ARF).
Acute pharyngitis is the common childhood illness seen in outpatient setting.
According to the company, Group A Streptococcus is a bacterium found in the human throat or on skin and causes a wide variety of diseases in humans, the most common being acute pharyngitis or strep throat.

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