response

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response

1. Bridge a bid replying to a partner's bid or double
2. Christianity a short sentence or phrase recited or sung by the choir or congregation in reply to the officiant at a church service
3. Electronics the ratio of the output to the input level, at a particular frequency, of a transmission line or electrical device
4. any pattern of glandular, muscular, or electrical reactions that arises from stimulation of the nervous system
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

response

[ri′späns]
(communications)
(control systems)
A quantitative expression of the output of a device or system as a function of the input. Also known as system response.
(statistics)
The value of some measurable quantity after a treatment has been applied.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The following conclusions were derived from the study: A general phenomenon of acute phase response with raised serum alpha-1 AT and raised NBT positivity is seen in CRF patients.
Mice Deficient in SAA1.1 and SAA2.1 Mount a Normal LPS-Induced Acute Phase Response. According to previous reports, macrophage-to-feces RCT is reduced in mice during an LPS-elicited acute phase response [14, 15].
In conclusion, in the light of our results, we may conclude that cellular immunity is increased, but acute phase response remains normal in patient with FEP The severity of psychopathology is not associated with acute phase and cellular response in FEP patients.
Increased IL-6 levels were observed in control samples possibly due to its correlation with acute phase response (Cordeiro et al, unpublished data).
(8) Decreased vitamin A levels have been linked to the incidence of diarrhoea in burn patients but it must be remembered that retinol-binding protein is decreased during the acute phase response and supplementation may result in toxicity.
The complement protein C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) is an acute phase protein [13], the plasma level of which can possibly increase in acute phase responses. Although the higher values recorded in SCA patients with osteomyelitis were not statistically significant when compared to those without osteomyelitis, there was a strong positive correlation between C1-INH and white cell count in patients with osteomyelitis (r=0.806, p<0.01), another marker of infection [13], thereby suggesting its possible usefulness as a marker of infection.
The FDA describes severe and "sometimes incapacitating" bone, joint, and/or muscle pain that has been associated with bisphosphonates, which is different from the acute phase response some patients develop during the initial administration of intravenous bisphosphonates, or with initial exposure to weekly or once-monthly doses of oral bisphosphonates.
Host defences are numerous and include common contraindications for cough suppressants, patients at risk of developing pneumonia shortly after surgery due to subtle defences such as those associated with acute phase response, anxiety, (7) and the inability to perceive pain.
Our findings suggest a possibility of blunting of the acute phase response in PEM, supporting earlier reports (19,20).
All three cytokines are part of the acute phase response and activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.
During the febrile attacks, an acute phase response develops, manifested by a marked increase in erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), white blood cell count (Wbc), fibrinogen, serum Amyloid A, phospholipase A2 and C-reactive protein (CRP) (2).
Professor Obled from France provided an overview of the acute phase response including the mediators produced and their consequent metabolic effects; she highlighted the importance of this response in host survival.

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