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inflammation of the palatine tonsils, causing enlargement, occasionally to the extent that they nearly touch one another
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the tonsils, especially the palatine tonsils. The inflammation may be acute (seeANGINA) or chronic. Although chronic tonsillitis may develop independently, it more frequently follows episodes of catarrhal tonsillitis or of other infectious diseases—such as scarlet fever, measles, and diphtheria—that are accompanied by inflammation of the pharyngeal mucous membranes.

Allergy to streptococci and adenoviruses is an important factor in the development of tonsillitis. In cases of chronic tonsillitis, there is ulceration of the mucosa, granulation, small abscesses within the tonsils themselves, and proliferation of the connective tissues. In its simple form, chronic tonsillitis is characterized by local symptoms only—for example, sore throat; in its toxic-allergic form, it is accompanied by such general symptoms as persistent cervical lymphadenitis, elevated body temperature, and cardiac changes. Chronic tonsillitis may contribute to the development or aggravation of other diseases, such as rheumatism, nephritis, and thyrotoxicosis.

Simple chronic tonsillitis is treated by antimicrobial means, irrigation of the lateral lacunae, or physiotherapy. Tonsillectomy, or surgical removal of the tonsils, may be prescribed in cases of pronounced toxic-allergic tonsillitis.


Lopotko, I. A., and O. Iu. Lakotkina. Ostryi i khronicheskii tonzillit, ikh oslozhneniia i sviaz’ s drugimi zabolevaniiami. Leningrad, 1963.
Preobrazhenskii, B. S., and G. N. Popova. Angina, chronicheskii tonzillit i sopriazhennye s nimi zabolevaniia. Moscow, 1970.
Fioretti, A. Die Gaumenmandel. Stuttgart, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Inflammation of the tonsils.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy versus non-surgical treatment for chronic/re current acute tonsillitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014;(11):CD001802 DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD0011802.pub3
On history the selection criterion of recurrent attacks of acute tonsillitis was took as seven attacks per year for the last one year, 5 attacks per year for the last two years or 3 attacks per year for the last three years.
hospital and was discharged the following day with acute tonsillitis. Again the school should refer to us instead of taking unnecessary action."
Peritonsillar abscess is believed to be part of a disease continuum that progresses from acute tonsillitis to peritonsillar cellulitis and finally to peritonsillar abscess.
Cost effectiveness of tonsillectomy for recurrent acute tonsillitis. Ann Otol, Rhinol & Laryngol 115;5:365-9.
* Frequently recurrent acute tonsillitis. Current research has reconfirmed that children with a large number of serious episodes benefit from tonsillectomy while those with fewer or more minor episodes do not.
Ciliocytophthoria have been reported in respiratory tract specimens, gynecologic specimens, and peritoneal washings.[1-3,5,6,8-11,15] Ciliocytopthoria have been produced experimentally by exposing porcine respiratory epithelium to a wide variety of pathogens and are known to be associated with respiratory disease in horses.[16,17] In humans, ciliocytophthoria have been associated with acute tonsillitis and viral infections.[18-20] Clinical virologists should, therefore, expect these pseudoparasites in respiratory specimens submitted for viral DFA.
The 35-year-old actress, starring in BBC1's Sunburn and promoting the theme song as her new single, also has acute tonsillitis.
Types of operations cancelled include those to treat broken bones, tooth extractions, acute tonsillitis and eye surgery.
Extension of an acute tonsillitis or an infection of Weber's salivary glands in the supratonsillar fossa was discussed to be the associated pathomechanisms of PTA which is characterized by an accumulation of pus between the fibrous capsule of the palatine tonsil and the pharyngeal constrictor muscle [5, 6].
Burden, "Lemierre syndrome--a forgotten complication of acute tonsillitis," Journal of Laryngology and Otology, vol.

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