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inflammation of the palatine tonsils, causing enlargement, occasionally to the extent that they nearly touch one another



inflammation of the tonsils, especially the palatine tonsils. The inflammation may be acute (seeANGINA) or chronic. Although chronic tonsillitis may develop independently, it more frequently follows episodes of catarrhal tonsillitis or of other infectious diseases—such as scarlet fever, measles, and diphtheria—that are accompanied by inflammation of the pharyngeal mucous membranes.

Allergy to streptococci and adenoviruses is an important factor in the development of tonsillitis. In cases of chronic tonsillitis, there is ulceration of the mucosa, granulation, small abscesses within the tonsils themselves, and proliferation of the connective tissues. In its simple form, chronic tonsillitis is characterized by local symptoms only—for example, sore throat; in its toxic-allergic form, it is accompanied by such general symptoms as persistent cervical lymphadenitis, elevated body temperature, and cardiac changes. Chronic tonsillitis may contribute to the development or aggravation of other diseases, such as rheumatism, nephritis, and thyrotoxicosis.

Simple chronic tonsillitis is treated by antimicrobial means, irrigation of the lateral lacunae, or physiotherapy. Tonsillectomy, or surgical removal of the tonsils, may be prescribed in cases of pronounced toxic-allergic tonsillitis.


Lopotko, I. A., and O. Iu. Lakotkina. Ostryi i khronicheskii tonzillit, ikh oslozhneniia i sviaz’ s drugimi zabolevaniiami. Leningrad, 1963.
Preobrazhenskii, B. S., and G. N. Popova. Angina, chronicheskii tonzillit i sopriazhennye s nimi zabolevaniia. Moscow, 1970.
Fioretti, A. Die Gaumenmandel. Stuttgart, 1961.



Inflammation of the tonsils.
References in periodicals archive ?
All the patients that visited our tertiary hospital clinic with symptoms of acute tonsillitis, such as a sore throat and fever, those with peritonsillar bulging and tender cervical lymphadenopathy were suspected to have unilateral peritonsillar abscesses.
Tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy versus non-surgical treatment for chronic/re current acute tonsillitis.
On history the selection criterion of recurrent attacks of acute tonsillitis was took as seven attacks per year for the last one year, 5 attacks per year for the last two years or 3 attacks per year for the last three years.
Exclusion criteria included children less than 5 years age, any nasal pathology, history of acute tonsillitis within 6 weeks and bleeding diathesis.
hospital and was discharged the following day with acute tonsillitis.
Peritonsillar abscess is believed to be part of a disease continuum that progresses from acute tonsillitis to peritonsillar cellulitis and finally to peritonsillar abscess.
Tonsillectomy is generally regarded as effective in the management of recurrent acute tonsillitis however there is a disparity in the frequency of tonsillectomy across the world, suggesting a need for alternative ways of determining the benefits of this common operation.
16,17] In humans, ciliocytophthoria have been associated with acute tonsillitis and viral infections.
The 35-year-old actress, starring in BBC1's Sunburn and promoting the theme song as her new single, also has acute tonsillitis.
Even in our hospital, the first patient was seen by otolaryngologist to rule out acute tonsillitis, acute pharyngeal abscess in view of exquisite localized pain in the right side of the neck, and fever of 105[degrees]F on admission.
Intratonsillar abscess is a rare complication of acute tonsillitis.
All patients included were having history of recurrent, acute tonsillitis, with more than 67 episodes in one year, five episodes per year for two years, or three episodes per year for three years.

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