Myelitis

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myelitis

[‚mī·ə′līd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the spinal cord.
Inflammation of the bone marrow.

Myelitis

 

inflammation of the spinal cord.

Primary myelitides are caused by various neurotropic viruses; secondary myelitides are caused by infections, allergies, and injuries. The inflammation is rarely isolated to the spinal cord; the sheath of the spinal cord and the nerve roots are also often affected. Primary focal myelitis develops in acute form and is characterized by elevation in temperature, pain, and disturbances of nervous-system function. Death of nerve cells results in flaccid paralyses, segmental disturbance of sensitivity, and spastic pareses; pelvic disturbances (urinary or fecal incontinence or retention) are not uncommon. Bedsores, edema, and hyperhidrosis are often encountered.

Treatment includes vitamin therapy and administration of antibiotics and desensitizing agents; orthopedic packs are suggested to relieve paralysis. Treatment during the period of myelitis sequelae includes massage, exercise, balneotherapy, and administration of stimulants.

L. O. BADALIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Autoimmune/idiopathic Multiple sclerosis (MS) Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) 2.
Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is a group of disorders that are characterised by acute, non-traumatic inflammation of the spinal cord in a well-defined area.
A diagnosis of acute transverse myelitis was given and he was commenced on a five day course of 500mg methylprednisone intravenously.
This paper reports the gait rehabilitation of a patient with acute transverse myelitis.
Read SJ, Schapel GJ, Pender MP Acute transverse myelitis after tetanus toxoid vaccination.
Acute transverse myelitis in a 7-month-old boy after diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis immunization.
Common examples of other monofocal demyelinating processes include acute transverse myelitis and isolated optic neuritis.

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