acyl carrier protein


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acyl carrier protein

[′a·səl ′kar·ē·ər ′prō‚tēn]
(biochemistry)
A protein in fatty acid synthesis that picks up aceytl and malonyl groups from acetyl coenzyme A and malonyl coenzyme A and links them by condensation to form β-keto acid acyl carrier protein, releasing carbon dioxide and the sulfhydryl form of acyl carrier protein. Abbreviated ACP.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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The role of tandem acyl carrier protein domains in polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis.
Abbreviations: ACE acyl carrier protein; ALA, [alpha]-linolenic acid, C18:3; C12:0, lauric acid; GLA, [gamma]-linolenic acid; LA, linoleic acid, C18:2; SMCFA, short and medium chain fatty acids; PUFA, poly-unsaturated fatty acid; TE, acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase.
Abbreviations: EST, expressed sequence tag; FAD, fatty acid desaturase; RT-PCR, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction; SACPD, stearoyl acyl carrier protein desaturase.