acyl-coenzyme A


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acyl-coenzyme A

[′a·səl kō′en‚zim ′ā]
(biochemistry)
References in periodicals archive ?
Molecular characterization of a major plastidial acyl-coenzyme a synthetase from Arabidopsis," Plant Physiology, vol.
[sup.14]C-labeled acyl-coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA, malonyl-CoA, and succinyl-CoA) was purchased from PerkinElmer (Waltham, MA, USA).
Acyl-coenzyme A synthetases (ACSs) catalyze the fundamental, initial reaction in mammalian fatty acid metabolism: the "activation" of fatty acids (FAs) via the thioesterification to CoA allows FAs to participate in both the anabolic and catabolic pathways of triglycerides(Watkins et al., 2007; Ellis et al., 2010).
The expression levels of 10 genes: retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRA), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG), phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), stearoylCoA desaturase (SCD), nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group H member 3 (NR1H3), fatty acid binding protein 3 (FABP3), carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT2), acyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase long chain (ACADL), acyl-Coenzyme A oxidase 2 branched chain (ACOX2), and fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4), showed significant differences in gene expression between the low- and high-marbled groups (p < 0.05) (Table 2).
Mitochondrial very-long-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency: clinical characteristics and diagnostic considerations in 30 patients.
The cherry diet was also associated with significantly enhanced hepatic PPAR-alpha mRNA, enhanced hepatic PPAR-alpha target acyl-coenzyme A oxidase mRNA and activity, and increased plasma antioxidant capacity.
Roe, "Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency clinical course in 120 affected children," Journal of Pediatrics, vol.
Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is a condition which prevents the body from converting certain fats to energy.
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