adaptive immune response


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adaptive immune response

[ə¦dap·tiv i′myün ri‚späns]
(immunology)
An immune response based on the principle of clonal recognition, such that upon first exposure to an antigen, primed lymphocytes either differentiate into immune effector cells or form an expanded pool of memory cells that respond to secondary exposure to the same antigen by mounting an amplified and more rapid response.
References in periodicals archive ?
They are the first line of defense against invading viruses, and they also coordinate the adaptive immune responses that lead to long-term protection against viruses.
Innate immunity contributes to cochlear adaptive immune responses.
However, the adaptive immune response can at least partially be elicited during the fetal life by events occurring before delivery such as pPROM or vaginal delivery.
By producing antiviral cytokines and chemokines, NK cells also play an important role in bridging the innate and adaptive immune responses.
IgA, IgG, IgM) are produced at different times during an infection or in response to a range of antigens that have specific roles in the adaptive immune response.
Lonza, Allendale, NJ, has been awarded a new patent for the ability of its ResistAid larch arabinogalactan, when administered with a vaccine, to enhance the adaptive immune response.
In allergic reactions, a type of antibody called IgE binds to the surface of mast cells and prompts them to initiate an adaptive immune response when exposed to the antigen recognized by that IgE.
He said: "This knowledge could set the stage for developing ways to boost the adaptive immune response which could ultimately aid in developing an effective vaccine.
In fact, there is very little adaptive immune response against HCV, since the virus hides in cholesterol particles.
Overall, control of HIV-1 infection has been shown to be associated with a more functional T-cell adaptive immune response capability as evidenced by measures of proliferation, cytokine production, cytotoxic potential, and reduced markers of dysfunction.

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