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addax (ădˈăks), large, desert-dwelling antelope. It is a single species, Addax nasomaculatus. The addax is yellowish-white in color, has a brown mane and throat fringe, and may stand as high as 42 in. (106 cm) at the shoulder. Both sexes bear long, spiraling horns reaching up to 43 in. (109 cm) in length. The addax is native to N African deserts; its short, thick legs and broad hooves are adapted to traveling on sand. It is able to survive only on the water obtained from dew or from forage and can scent grasses newly sprouted by recent rain. Addax are typically found in pairs or in small herds. They have been extensively hunted, and, with much of their habitat destroyed, the species is now endangered. Addax are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Addax nasomaculatus), an artiodactyl of the family Bovidae. The male measures up to 2 m long, stands about 1 m high at the shoulder, and weighs up to 120 kg. The female is somewhat smaller. Both the male and the female have long (up to 90 cm) lyre-shaped horns with transverse rings. The legs are long, with widely splayed hooves—an adaptation for traveling on sand. The coloration is grayish brown in the winter and lighter in the summer. The addax has a white stripe across the nose and a tuft of black hairs on the forehead. It is distributed in the Sahara, but its numbers are sharply decreasing owing to intensive hunting (the flesh and hide are used).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, despite these positive indicators for future growth, the market remains largely untapped," said Yousef Al-Essa, CEO, Addax Bank.
Mrs Dorothy Atake, Addax's General Manager (External and Government Affairs), made the disclosure in a statement in Lagos.
The Addax and Oryx Group was incorporated in 1987, with a focus on energy in Africa, and has evolved into a diversified investment group, known simply as AOG.
The report quotes chairman Salem Al Noaimi as saying that in light of the difficult financial position of Addax Bank Group and the uncertainties of the market conditions, the board of directors considered a number of options for the future that best serve the interests of shareholders.
In 2013, after the Gabonese government took back an oilfield it had licensed to Addax, alleging breach of contract, the Chinese company went to the International Court of Arbitration in Paris, seeking damages.
Addax confirmed that it and Sinopec had filed arbitration proceedings to collect at least $5.5 billion, but declined to provide further details citing confidentiality obligations between the parties.
The module has been embedded in Geolog as Addax Petroleum's corporate tool for pore pressure prediction.
In a filing to the Muscat Securities Market (MSM), Al Anwar said it had initiated a commercial claim at the GCC Arbitration Centre in Bahrain in September 2012 against Addax Bank for recovery of money invested in the bank's shares by its fully-owned subsidiary, Al Anwar International Investments (II).
Several species have either become extinct in the wild or are on the brink of extinction, including the Scimitar-horned Oryx, Addax and Dama gazelle.
Maurel and Prom - Gabon ranks fifth in terms of oil production in Gabon, behind Shell-Gabon, Total- Gabon, Perenco and Addax Petroleum/Sinopec, with an average production of 21,998 barrels per day.