Insult

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Insult

 

under Soviet criminal law, the intentional lowering of a person’s honor and dignity, expressed in unseemly form. The insult may be given orally, in writing, by gestures, or by actions, and it may be given either publicly, in the presence of the victim, or not in his presence (in which case the insult is recognized as a crime only if the accused wanted his insulting statements to become known to the victim or knowingly permitted them to become known). Insult is punishable by corrective labor for a term not exceeding six months, by a fine of up to 50 rubles, by compelling the guilty person to rectify the harm done, or by public censure. If the act was of a minor nature, measures of social pressure may be applied, including turning the case over to a comrades’ court. Greater liability has been established for an insult in print or an insult committed by a person previously found guilty of insult (if the record of conviction has not been canceled). A criminal case involving insult is initiated only on the complaint of the victim (private accusation) and may be terminated if the parties make peace before the court retires to render judgment.

Soviet criminal law provides for increased liability for insulting a representative of the government or a representative of the public who is fulfilling duties for the protection of public order, a militiaman, or a people’s guard (for example, arts. 192 and 1921 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adding insult to injury, the article then labels the tone of my remarks on this subject as "anti-Catholic"--a characterization hat I find both deeply offensive and outrageously irresponsible.
messages," work such as Wallinger's, declared Buchloh, imposes viewing conditions that prevent both "individual contemplation" and "simultaneous collective reception." Adding insult to injury, Buchloh branded Wallinger in this regard merely a "close second" to Bill Viola--the art world's "Billy Graham," in Wallinger's own, geographically precise estimation.
And adding insult to injury, malicious e-mail circulated that supposedly carded patches, but were actually viruses.
"Then, when you add that the mine effluent will be sent into the Groundhog River and through a protected area, I don't know if that's adding insult to injury or injury to injury.
* In Dubai, United Arab Emirates, adding insult to injury has taken on a new, horrifying meaning.