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addition, fundamental operation of arithmetic, denoted by +. In counting, a+b represents the number of items in the union of two collections having no common members (disjoint sets), having respectively a and b members. In geometry a+b might, for example, represent the area of the union of two disjoint regions of areas a and b, respectively. In arithmetic addition follows the associative law, the commutative law, and, in combination with multiplication, the distributive law. Addition is also defined for other types of mathematical objects, for example, vectors and tensors. See also subtraction.

Construction that increases the size of the original structure by building outside the existing walls or roof.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

an arithmetic operation. The result of the addition of two numbers a and b is a third number, which is called the sum of a and b and is denoted by a + b; a and b are said to be addends. Addition satisfies the commutative law: a + b = b + a. It also satisfies the associative law: (a + b) + c = a + (b + c).

The term “addition” is also applied to certain operations on other mathematical entities. For example, we may speak of addition of polynomials, addition of vectors, and addition of matrices. Operations, however, that violate the commutative and associative laws are not referred to as addition.

[ə′di·shən]
(mathematics)
An operation by which two elements of a set are combined to yield a third; denoted +; usually reserved for the operation in an Abelian group or the group operation in a ring or vector space.
The combining of complex quantities in which the individual real parts and the individual imaginary parts are separately added.
The combining of vectors in a prescribed way; for example, by algebraically adding corresponding components of vectors or by forming the third side of the triangle whose other sides each represent a vector. Also known as composition.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

1. A floor or floors, a room, wing, or other expansion to an existing building.
2. In building code usage: Any new construction which increases the height or floor area of an existing building or adds to it (as a porch or attached garage).
3. An amount added to the contract sum by a charge order; also see extra.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

a mathematical operation in which the sum of two numbers or quantities is calculated. Usually indicated by the symbol +
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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