Scandiflex do Brasil manufactures a diversified line of polymeric and monomeric plasticizers, including phthalates, adipates
, citrates, maleates, sebacates, azelates and trimellitates for a variety of end-use applications such as paint, varnishes, films, calendering, adhesives, wire and cables, toys, packaging, plastics, rubber, textile, plastisols, products for hospitals and veterinary use and for crop protection, the company said.
Grossmann, "Preparation of acetylated distarch adipates
by extrusion," LWT--Food Science and Technology, vol.
Summary: In this paper, a series of adipates
were synthesized and used as phase stabilizer and saturation vapor pressure depressor of methanol-gasoline.
Like phthalates, many of the phthalate substitutes (including citrates and adipates
) are high production volume chemicals, with little adequate toxicological data, and humans are exposed from multiple sources.
The following families of plasticizers were studied: phthalates of linear alcohols: DEP, HNP, NUP and DUP; phthalates of branched alcohols: DIBP, DIHP, DOP, and DINP; dialkyl adipates
: DHA and DINA, polymeric adipates
PA3 and PA7; citrates: ATBC and ATHC, pentaerythritol esters H600 and H700, and miscellaneous linear dialkyl esters/EHBDC, ASE and DINCH.
Eastman plasticizers for PVC include phthalates as well as adipates
The plasticizers known to be the most susceptible are adipates
, azeleates, sebacates, polyesters, epoxidized oils, and lubricants.
"Classic low-temperature plasticizers, such as adipates
, are limited in their ability to deliver flexible end-product performance," says ISP's Hasan Kaytan.
Found in:Flexible plastics, including shower curtains and vinyl flooring, and nail polish, hair sprays and some perfumes Safer alternative: Adipates
which do not have hormone disrupting properties can sometimes be used
Polyester polyols are usually adipates
of lower molecular weight diols, such as ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, butanediol (BDO) or hexanediol.
Levels of phthalates and adipates
in processed foods and migration of di-isononyl adipate
from polyvinyl chloride film into foods.