adipocyte


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Related to adipocyte: reticular fiber

adipocyte

[′a·də·pə‚sīt]
(cell biology)
An animal cell that stores fat.
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The terminally differentiated adipocytes (big size) were fragile and easily destroyed by our enzyme digestion, while the small size adipocyte progenitors and stromal stem cells (small size) were able to survive for the use in the following experiments.
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and bone cells from the skulls of Cbf-beta-deficient mice showed increased expression of adipocyte genes.
This clearly does not rule out the possibility that the in vivo response involves both adipocyte and immune cell contributions.
Intracellular lipid accumulation was determined by oil red O staining during adipocyte differentiation as described previously [18], Differentiated 3T3-L1 cells were washed twice with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and fixed with a 3,7% formaldehyde solution for 10 min, then stained with a 0,2% filtered oil red O solution.
The activation of PPAR[gamma] causes the increment in the transcription of genes involved in lipogenesis such as adipocyte fatty binding protein (aP2), which leads to the accumulation of triglycerides in the form of cytoplasmic droplets (Yang et al.
This has been attributed to changes in adipocyte function with associated lypodystrophy and impaired fat redistribution effects [75,76], possibly resulting from the negative adverse drug reactions of various antiretroviral agents [77].
The beige adipocyte is a type of adipose cell described by the ability to induce these cells to produce heat and increase energy expenditure.
75 [micro]g adipocyte homogenate was applied directly, without boiling, to a nondenaturing 10% polyacrylamide gel.
They found evidence of a major control switchboard in human adipocyte progenitor cells, suggesting that genetic differences may affect the functioning of human fat stores.
There are 2 types of thermogenic adipocytes identified in mammals to date: brown fat and beige (brite) fat.
It is a collagen like protein with a stretch of 22 collagen (Gly-X-Y) that is exclusively synthesized in White adipose tissue during adipocyte differentiation and circulates at a relatively high ([micro]g/ml) concentration in the serum.