adipocyte

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adipocyte

[′a·də·pə‚sīt]
(cell biology)
An animal cell that stores fat.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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"However, it remains unclear whether adjusting the calorie levels in this way leads to an increased rate of adipose cell formation." To answer this question, the research team now wants to systematically use the chip technology to study the association between human eating habits and the formation of fat cells.
Caption: Figure 2: Determining factors in differentiation of beige adipose cell. The adipose mesenchymal cells can be influenced by the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) and take decision to differentiate into fat cells when pRb is blocked.
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to study the effects of POPs on human adipose cells and rodent AT.
Previous studies showed reduced IL-4 receptor (IL-4R) expression in differentiated adipose cells. However, these studies were primarily performed in 3 T3-L1 cells and mouse adipose tissue [11, 17].
This MT staining can also stain other connective tissue components such as keratin and muscle fibers that are stained red, while cytoplasm and adipose cells are stained light red or pink; while nuclei show dark brown to black color (Fig.
Probably, the adipose tissue depots of overweight individuals have already committed the resource of their stem cells to the adipocyte lineage and, consequently, have no capacity to create new adipose cells [21].
We recognized typical structures on the following skin tissue sections of the tail: epidermis, corium, subcutaneous tissue consisting of large amount of adipose cells, skin adnexa including hair follicle, medulla of hairs, and sebaceous gland (Fig.
Oil red O staining showed lots of mature adipose cells in the tumor tissues of the ASCs + 4T1/EPCs group (Figure 3(d)); however, H&E and CD-31 immuno-staining of tissue sections revealed broad vascularization in the [c-Kit.sup.+] ASCs + 4T1/EPCs group, in contrast to the other groups (Figure 3(e)).
Precursor adipose cells (PAC) were induced to differentiate into mature adipocytes (MAT) in DMEM/F12 supplemented with 66 nM insulin, 1 nM triiodo-L-thyronine, 10 [micro]g/mL transferrin, 0.5 mM isobutyl-methylxanthine, 100 nM dexamethasone, and 1 [micro]M rosiglitazone for 72 h.
In addition, mature adipose cells (Figure 2(c)) and lymphocytes were observed between spindle cells and epithelial cells.
In primary adipose cells from either risk or non-risk individuals, altering the expression of either IRX3 or IRX5 switched between energy-storing white adipocyte functions and energy-burning beige adipocyte functions.