adipose tissue


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Related to adipose tissue: Brown adipose tissue

adipose tissue

(ăd`əpōs'): see connective tissueconnective tissue,
supportive tissue widely distributed in the body, characterized by large amounts of intercellular substance and relatively few cells. The intercellular material, or matrix, is produced by the cells and gives the tissue its particular character.
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Adipose Tissue

 

a type of connective tissue in animals, formed from the mesenchyma and consisting of fat cells.

A fat cell, whose specific function is fat accumulation and metabolism, is almost entirely filled with a fat drop surrounded by a ring of cytoplasm. The nucleus is pushed into the periphery. In vertebrates, adipose tissue is found mostly under the skin (subcutaneous), in the omentum, and between organs, forming a soft, elastic padding. The main physiological functions of adipose tissue are to serve as an energy depot (the amount of fat decreases in the cells during starvation and increases when nourishment is increased) and to prevent the body from losing heat. In aquatic mammals living in the cold waters of the arctic and antarctic, the layer of subcutaneous adipose tissue is very thick (as much as 50 cm in some whales). Excessive development of adipose tissue in man leads to obesity.

adipose tissue

[′ad·ə‚pōs ′tish·ü]
(histology)
A type of connective tissue specialized for lipid storage.
References in periodicals archive ?
The findings suggest that boosting levels of NPs in adipose tissue may be an important avenue to explore for combating metabolic disease.
Conclusions: Therefore, we can conclude from this study that resistance exercise may improve body composition possibly through increased thermogenesis in white adipose tissue through the secretion of irisin.
Factors such as insulin and blood sugar levels also influence whether or not adult stem cells in adipose tissue will develop into mature adipose cell.
These targeting molecules bind to proteins found in the lining of the blood vessels that surround adipose tissue.
Our result was supported by the findings that ANGPTL4 expression in adipose tissue from obese pig breeds was significantly higher than that from lean pig breeds (Feng et al.
sup][21] Illustrations of echocardiography including the short, long axis of the EAT thickness and the short, long axis of the pericardial adipose tissue (PAT) thickness were recorded.
Conclusions: CRA inhibited inflammation with improvement in adipose tissue dysfunction and ameliorated insulin resistance in an AMPK-dependent manner.
Emerging evidence is pointing out that EAT as measured with reliable, safe, and cheap ultrasound can be a therapeutic target for medications directly or indirectly targeting the adipose tissue," Dr.
2) Lipomas of hard palate are very rare due to the presence of very little amount of adipose tissue.
Typical cell patterns of zona fasciculate, which were large and filled with lipoid vesicles, were found in the pathological section, with scattered mature adipose tissue and hematopoietic elements (Fig.
All underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and MRI assessment of their body fat distribution, focusing on the visceral, abdominal subcutaneous, and lower body subcutaneous adipose tissue depots.
Epicardial adipose tissue is independently associated with increased left ventricular mass in untreated hypertensive patients: an observational study.