Adjunct

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adjunct

Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
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Adjunct

 

(1) In a number of West European countries and in prerevolutionary Russia (at the Academy of Sciences, some institutions of higher learning, and also at the universities before the introduction of the Statute of 1863), a person doing his qualifying scientific apprenticeship; an assistant to an official, department head, professor, or academician; or a graduate assistant.

(2) In the USSR, a military officer who is preparing for a research or teaching position at a higher military educational institution or an armed forces research institute.

References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Figure 2: Results of adjunction (a) [X.sup.e], (b) [[epsilon].sup.e](Yn), (c) [[delta].sup.n]([X.sup.e]), and (d) [Y.sup.n].
The case of monoids and groups now suggests the following general question: given an adjunction, admissible with respect to regular epimorphisms, between a category with "weak" algebraic properties and a reflective subcategory with "strong" properties, like a protomodular one, such that the big category is S-protomodular with respect to the class S of split epimorphic trivial extensions, is it always the case that normal extensions are reflective amongst regular epimorphisms?
The adjunction analysis proposed below is consistent with analyses proposed for English sentences such as 'I thought for a very long time that somebody would come' where the clause 'that somebody would come is extraposed to the right (Collins, p.c.).
(131) Second, "accession" or "adjunction" applies when two or more items of personal property owned by different parties are joined but remain distinguishable.
The adjunction of two "bedrock" hypotheses--state can never be sure of each other's intentions and they possess inherently offensive military capacity (17)--to the original neorealist framework entails deep change in the structure of incentives produced by international systems.
Another possibility may be the adjunction of a plasmid containing the gene coding for a BMP.
For instance, starting from the adjunction pair {[[delta].sub.b], [[epsilon].sub.b]}, the opening and closing of a grey-level image f according to the structuring function b are the mappings F(E, T) [right arrow] F(E, T) given respectively by
Lagrange Multiplier Adjunction: For each MPC, an additional unknown is adjoined to the master stiffness equations.
HOFMANN, Spectral theory of algebras and adjunction of identity.
Under this form, the country heterogeneity is taken into account through adjunction of the country-specific effect.
In adjunction, Weltman and colleagues (1989; 1990) reported that, in both sedentary men and women, exercise performed at a specified percentage of [HR.sub.max] (%[HR.sub.max]) and heart rate reserve (%HRR) elicited a wide range of metabolic responses, suggesting that the use of standard HR intensity guidelines results in different levels of metabolic stress across subjects (Meyer et al., 1999).