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Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
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(1) In a number of West European countries and in prerevolutionary Russia (at the Academy of Sciences, some institutions of higher learning, and also at the universities before the introduction of the Statute of 1863), a person doing his qualifying scientific apprenticeship; an assistant to an official, department head, professor, or academician; or a graduate assistant.

(2) In the USSR, a military officer who is preparing for a research or teaching position at a higher military educational institution or an armed forces research institute.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 2013, ALKS 5461 was granted Fast Track status by the US FDA for the adjunctive treatment of MDD in patients with an inadequate response to standard antidepressant therapies, concluded the company.
12) Adjunctive antidepressants may be considered in carefully selected patients, including those with bipolar depression who have a history of positive response to this class of drugs.
In addition to demographic data, we compiled information on disease severity, the type of adjunctive treatment administered to each patient, the frequency of debridements, the length of observation, and remission rates.
3 Meta-analysis results for changes in weight and BMI after adjunctive treatment with metformin
The only significance favouring adjunctive use of the DL was observed for the outcome parameters GI and BS.
The overall result was that regardless of which mood stabilizer was prescribed along with adjunctive personalized treatment, the co-primary outcomes of the benefits and harms ratio from treatment effects over time (the CGI efficacy index), and the number of necessary clinical adjustments (changes in medication excluding titrations according to scale), were virtually parallel: For each primary outcome, the P value for the estimated change in baseline was less than .
Randomised trials recommend adjunctive corticosteroid therapy for P.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use as an adjunctive therapy for treatment of partial-onset seizures in adults with epilepsy.
These researchers also reviewed some reports with similar experience in the United States and further suggested that incision and drainage without adjunctive antimicrobial therapy were effective in immunocompetent children for CA-MRSA SSTIs <5 cm in diameter.
WASHINGTON -- Adjunctive treatment with oral glycerol was more effective than intravenous dexamethasone for preventing death and severe neurologic sequelae in children with bacterial meningitis in a controlled study with 640 patients.
Studies on the CHX chip demonstrate that it is a safe and effective adjunctive chemotherapy for the treatment of periodontal disease.