Adjunct

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adjunct

Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Adjunct

 

(1) In a number of West European countries and in prerevolutionary Russia (at the Academy of Sciences, some institutions of higher learning, and also at the universities before the introduction of the Statute of 1863), a person doing his qualifying scientific apprenticeship; an assistant to an official, department head, professor, or academician; or a graduate assistant.

(2) In the USSR, a military officer who is preparing for a research or teaching position at a higher military educational institution or an armed forces research institute.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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An open-label, pilot trial of adjunctive tocilizumab in schizophrenia.
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(12) Adjunctive antidepressants may be considered in carefully selected patients, including those with bipolar depression who have a history of positive response to this class of drugs.
At our institution, we employ either cidofovir or the MMR vaccine as an adjunctive treatment after CO, laser ablation of papillomas.
Three of the studies [7,24,26] provided clozapine plus an adjunctive placebo to patients in the control group; the other three studies [25,27,28] only provided clozapine to patients in the control group (i.e., without any adjunctive treatment).
"To my knowledge, this is the first randomized comparative effectiveness study of regular, expert care that looks at lithium versus quetiapine strategies of treatment, both with adjunctive personalized treatment when necessary," study coauthor Dr.
Fenoget is indicated as adjunctive therapy to diet for the treatment of adult patients with hypertriglyceridemia (Fredrickson types IV and V hyperlipidemia", they said.
Indeed, natural, holistic approaches help lower blood sugar levels and improve mood among people with type 2 diabetes, and may play an important adjunctive role in treatment.
The benefit is called "adjunctive dental care," and it means TRICARE may cover medically necessary dental work to help treat a medical or non-dental condition--without using additional dental coverage.
Is oral administration of Chinese herbal medicine effective and safe as an adjunctive therapy for managing diabetic foot ulcers?