(redirected from administrations)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial.


1. the conduct of the affairs of government
2. the executive branch of government along with the public service; the government as a whole
3. Chiefly US the political executive, esp of the US; the government
4. Chiefly US a government board, agency, authority, etc.
5. Property law
a. the conduct or disposal of the estate of a deceased person
b. the management by a trustee of an estate subject to a trust
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) Management or direction.

(2) Formal bureaucratic management, conducted merely by orders and edicts; a commanding that ignores the role of the masses in the management of socialist production.



(1) In the broad sense, administration refers to all the managerial activities of a state, which Marx called “the organizational activity of the state” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 440). The state administration of the USSR consists of the executive agencies of the state which exercise managerial functions—that is, the day-to-day management of economic, social, cultural, administrative, and political development in the Soviet socialist state.

(2) In the narrower sense, administration refers to the officials of an institution or enterprise. For instance, the director of an enterprise and his deputies or the head of a higher educational institution and his deputies constitute the administration of the enterprise or higher educational institution, respectively.

The actions of Soviet administration are governed by law. The general legal principles governing the actions of the state administration are set forth in the USSR Constitution and the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics. The legal status and the competence of administrations of enterprises and institutions are specified in the charter of the institution. The Party organization in CPSU enterprises have the right, in conformity with the rules of the CPSU, to monitor the actions of the administration (art. 59). The work of administration is greatly assisted by the trade union organizations or enterprises and institutions, by permanent production conferences, and other organizations. The relations between different levels of administration are based on the principles of democratic centralism.

Every administration is invested with the necessary rights to fulfill the duties it is charged with—for instance, the right to issue acts of administration, to hire and dismiss workers and employees, and to reward and discipline subordinates. The administration of an institution or enterprise represents its interests with respect to outside parties. It concludes agreements, pleads in court, and represents the institution or enterprise in arbitration and other state agencies as well as in public organizations.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tax executives have increased responsibilities as part of the financial reporting supply chain and the enhanced internal controls environment, and they face new requirements from financial regulators and tax administrations to provide information in a format that increases the efficiency and effectiveness of the administrator.
An announcement is expected this week on how the Bush administration plans to fight the next super-flu.
"This administration just has a very fundamental opposition to the disclosure of records about government operation," says Tom Fitton, president of the watchdog group Judicial Watch.
Citizens and administrations will benefit from the observance of these principles because they guarantee objectivity and continuity of public service as well as government transparency.
Instead of working to root out Bosnia's endemic corruption, arrest war criminals, and establish the rule of law, the Bush administration has been angling for two years to extricate us from the region--and America and Europe are starting to pay the price.
Despite efforts by administrations of both parties, echoed by media pundits, to portray the ongoing low-level air war as putting pressure on Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi dictator has not been harmed.
Troy Perry was supposed to be a perfect catch for the Bush administration. Under its "faith-based" initiative, the predominantly gay Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches, which Perry presides over, stood to secure millions in federal dollars for its already burgeoning social service network, which includes soup kitchens and gay youth ministries.
Observed Grover Norquist, the president of Americans for Tax Reform and an influential right-wing operative, "There isn't an us and them with this administration. They is us.
Until August 2, 1990, when Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, the Bush Administration pursued a policy of constructive engagement toward Iraq.
The administrations scheme has also attracted congressional scrutiny and focused attention on the need to formulate a coherent national cryptographic policy.
Critics, however, considered it negative and obstructionist in its dealings with Africa-American business through its Minority Business Development Administration (MBDA).
If the Clinton administration wants to maintain the support of its more liberal constituencies, it must help to restore the good name of liberalism by reaffirming those ideals of liberal democracy that were trampled under by the Reagan and Bush administrations.

Full browser ?