Administration

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administration

1. the conduct of the affairs of government
2. the executive branch of government along with the public service; the government as a whole
3. Chiefly US the political executive, esp of the US; the government
4. Chiefly US a government board, agency, authority, etc.
5. Property law
a. the conduct or disposal of the estate of a deceased person
b. the management by a trustee of an estate subject to a trust

Administration

 

(1) Management or direction.

(2) Formal bureaucratic management, conducted merely by orders and edicts; a commanding that ignores the role of the masses in the management of socialist production.


Administration

 

(1) In the broad sense, administration refers to all the managerial activities of a state, which Marx called “the organizational activity of the state” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 440). The state administration of the USSR consists of the executive agencies of the state which exercise managerial functions—that is, the day-to-day management of economic, social, cultural, administrative, and political development in the Soviet socialist state.

(2) In the narrower sense, administration refers to the officials of an institution or enterprise. For instance, the director of an enterprise and his deputies or the head of a higher educational institution and his deputies constitute the administration of the enterprise or higher educational institution, respectively.

The actions of Soviet administration are governed by law. The general legal principles governing the actions of the state administration are set forth in the USSR Constitution and the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics. The legal status and the competence of administrations of enterprises and institutions are specified in the charter of the institution. The Party organization in CPSU enterprises have the right, in conformity with the rules of the CPSU, to monitor the actions of the administration (art. 59). The work of administration is greatly assisted by the trade union organizations or enterprises and institutions, by permanent production conferences, and other organizations. The relations between different levels of administration are based on the principles of democratic centralism.

Every administration is invested with the necessary rights to fulfill the duties it is charged with—for instance, the right to issue acts of administration, to hire and dismiss workers and employees, and to reward and discipline subordinates. The administration of an institution or enterprise represents its interests with respect to outside parties. It concludes agreements, pleads in court, and represents the institution or enterprise in arbitration and other state agencies as well as in public organizations.

A. E. LUNEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Asia Pacific was the largest region in the global office administrative services market, accounting for 40% of the market in 2018.
Grissiaa indicated that as part of materialising decentralisation, the administrative court had set up in January 2018 twelve courts of first instance in various regions of the country, which have helped ease pressure on the courts of the capital and reduce deadlines for the litigants.
They also demanded of Governor Shah Farman and Chief Minister Mahmood Khan to take notice of the violations of law in the universities as a lot of teachers were working against administrative posts.
The association's president, Muhammad Ilyas, said that if teachers wanted to be appointed to the administrative positions, they should forego their teaching assignments and seek appointment on these positions after applying on openly advertised positions, as prescribed in the law.
Ilyas argued that some varsities were wrongly interpreting the act and were giving justification of the posting of teachers on administrative positions, ignoring an explicit provision of the act, which reveals their innate designs of not obeying the law.
administrative activity is impossible without administrative procedure
Creating general and impersonal rules of conduct applicable to undetermined subjects, which can be enforced, if necessary through the coercive force of the state, only the normative administrative act has the character of a source of law (Danisor.
According to the UN news Centre, "the Israeli practice of administrative detention has been condemned on numerous occasions by the UN Human Rights Office and the Human Rights Committee that oversees implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which Israel has ratified.'
In these accounts, the administrative constitution's central commitments are becoming irrelevant to the ongoing functioning of the administrative state.
Al-Halaqi reviewed the government's vision for administrative reform in Syria and its basic axes , including policy-making, decision-making, completion of the organizational structures, public spending, completing the project of the electronic government, civil service, human resources, supervision, inspection and combating corruption, noting that the government is looking to have a performance at the administration and civil service in government establishments that embodies the sustainable development and its strategic objectives with high efficiency.
Israel has routinely used administrative detention against Palestinians as statistics show that over the years, thousands of Palestinians have been held in Israeli custody as administrative detainees for extended periods of time.
A collective decision has been made by 480 administrative detainees to boycott administrative courts against their unlawful detention at the hands of Israeli authorities.

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