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Related to adrenal crisis: Adrenal insufficiency, Adrenal fatigue


Pathol a sudden change, for better or worse, in the course of a disease
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a sharp turning point in the course of a disease that is accompanied by a drop in elevated body temperature and improvement in the patient’s condition.

A crisis usually occurs in acute-onset diseases with a rapid rise in temperature (croupous inflammation of the lungs, malaria, relapsing fever, and so forth). A crisis is associated with profuse sweating, marked weakness, and sometimes a temporary slowing of cardiac activity. A crisis is the opposite of a gradual subsidence of a pathological process and lowering in temperature called lysis. A crisis is to be distinguished from a pseudocrisis, in which there is only a temporary lowering of temperature and improvement in the patient’s condition. A critical drop in temperature may also occur as a result of removal of the suppurative focus from the patient’s body or administration of powerful antimicrobial agents.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The turning point in the course of a disease.
The psychological events associated with a specific stage of life, as an identity crisis or developmental crisis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Survey of adrenal crisis associated with inhaled corticosteroids in the United Kingdom.
Adrenal crisis due to adrenal insufficiency [down arrow] Investigations and management Hyperkalemia and hyponatremia (Salt loser) PICU admission Urgent ACTH Stimulation test showed low cortisol, high ACTH, Normal 170HP, low testosterone managed with IV fluids, Hydrocortisone, Kayexalate & Fludrocortisone [down arrow] Final Diagnosis AHC suspected Gene study done DAX-1 mutation [down arrow] Follow-up Thriving well & still prepubertal Will continue monitoring his FSH, LH, testosterone & gonadal development
Acute Management of AI or Adrenal Crisis. Adrenal crisis is a life-threatening emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment.
Ito, "A case of aldosterone-producing adrenocortical adenoma associated with a probable post-operative adrenal crisis: histopathological analyses of the adrenal gland," Hypertension Research, vol.
In clinical practice, the objective of hydrocortisone replacement therapy is to keep doses as low as possible, while trying to avoid symptoms of AI and to minimize the risk of adrenal crisis. An appropriate increase of HC doses is necessary in situations of physical and mental stress.
Vital signs were stable, but due to the clinical presentation, adrenal crisis was postulated and methylprednisolone 40 mg intravenously every 8 hours was administered.
Stressors like minor illnesses, surgeries and emotional stresses can push the patient to adrenal crisis. (10) Acute medical emergencies such as this need prompt diagnosis and management.
Appropriate replacement doses of hydrocortisone (10mg/[m.sup.2]/24hr) (9, 10) twice-daily (2mg in the morning and 1mg at 3pm) was given to prevent an adrenal crisis and the dose was tapered over two months.
Simultaneous removal of both tumours was not undertaken to minimize the risk of adrenal crisis. Both patients received cortisone replacement therapy after the second operation.
Historically, the use of intravenous ionic contrast in patients with phaeochromocytomas was guarded, as it could potentially precipitate an adrenal crisis. However, recent experience shows no adverse events with non-ionic contrast, eliminating the need for premedication.
As many as 90 percent of dogs in adrenal crisis will have elevated creatinine and BUN, which can lead to a misdiagnosis of acute renal failure.