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Related to adverb: preposition


An adverb refers to any element in a sentence used to modify a verb, adjective, another adverb, or even an entire clause.
Adverbs can be single words, phrases (called adverbial phrases), or entire clauses (called adverbial clauses).
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see part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
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; adjectiveadjective,
English part of speech, one of the two that refer typically to attributes and together are called modifiers. The other kind of modifier is the adverb. Adjectives and adverbs are functionally distinct in that adjectives modify nouns and pronouns, while adverbs
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a part of speech; a class of autonomous words that are uninflected or inflected only for degrees of comparison and are contrasted in this way to other autonomous words. As a rule, adverbs modify an action or quality and are subordinate to a verb or adjective.

In Russian, the adverbial modifier may coincide with case forms (with or without a preposition) of the noun (for example, On primchalsia begom/streloi, “He came running on the double/like an arrow”), to which it is often also genetically related (Russian peshkom, “on foot”; vverkh, “up, upward”; voochiiu, “with one’s own eyes”). Predicative adverbs function as the principal member of a sentence in which a subject and predicate are not expressed separately (stydno, “it is a shame”; nuzhno, “it is necessary”). In a number of languages (for example, Nenets), there is a transitional class of words with an incomplete declension (often called adverbs) between the noun and the adverb (for example, Nenets haqga, “whither,” “where to,” and hangad, “whence,” “wherefrom”).

Adverbs are classed according to whether they modify verbs (Russian, priglagol’nye narechiid) or adjectives (priad”ektivnye narechiia), and according to meaning, as adverbs of place, time, cause, and degree. Depending on the method of formation, adverbs may be grammatical, which are formed regularly (Russian adverbs in -o, -ski; English adverbs in -ly), and nongrammatical, which are morphologically irregular, or nonanalyzable (Russian ochen’, “very”; English “well”).


References in periodicals archive ?
Using the equilibrium equations, tension separation and surrendering index, different equal adverbs are shown like following equal equation.
The term 'orientation' alludes to a dual reference, such that an '-ly' adverb contributes a circumstance of the predication (adjunct in Quirk et al.
Adverbs modify verbs, as well as adjectives and other adverbs, which might also be dramatized initially, with the semi-concrete, and abstract learnings following in sequence as achievement advances:
Open word classes Doings, Names of things, Describing; Giving more detail happenings, people, states qualifying to a verb: often states (but not always) by adding -ly Verb Noun Adjectives Adverbs smile; walk; Paula; boy; a a long walk; walk slowly; fetch; sleep walk; tree; a tall tree; sleep deeply; love; peace a beautiful love hopelessly girl Closed word classes Words which Words in place Words marking Words which mark join clauses of a noun place indeterminacy or specificity of a noun Conjunctions Pronouns Prepositions Article and; because I, you, he, on, over, up, the, a she, it, they beyond
In comparison, we can look at the prosody of the corresponding adverb arvatavasti 'most probably' within a clause 'Jaan arrives most probably on Thursday' in figure (4).
In Japanese, men on the other hand seemed to use more adverbs.
In (19), gia marks an apposition to a nominal and its syntactic status is strictly speaking ambiguous between that of an adjective and that of an adverb.
There are problems with defining shalem as an adverb meaning "safely": There is no reference in the entire Bible where the word has this meaning.
In general, however, the clarity of writing and absence of the unlikely adjective or adverb makes the book a pleasure to read.
Measurable objectives are best written with an adverb and an action verb.
26), for example, is described as a spatial adverb yet its second sense is temporal; maria (p.
Paramour": An adverb by way of / love, what's par for / l'amour is par / for the course.