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An adverb refers to any element in a sentence used to modify a verb, adjective, another adverb, or even an entire clause.
Adverbs can be single words, phrases (called adverbial phrases), or entire clauses (called adverbial clauses).
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see part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
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; adjectiveadjective,
English part of speech, one of the two that refer typically to attributes and together are called modifiers. The other kind of modifier is the adverb. Adjectives and adverbs are functionally distinct in that adjectives modify nouns and pronouns, while adverbs
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a part of speech; a class of autonomous words that are uninflected or inflected only for degrees of comparison and are contrasted in this way to other autonomous words. As a rule, adverbs modify an action or quality and are subordinate to a verb or adjective.

In Russian, the adverbial modifier may coincide with case forms (with or without a preposition) of the noun (for example, On primchalsia begom/streloi, “He came running on the double/like an arrow”), to which it is often also genetically related (Russian peshkom, “on foot”; vverkh, “up, upward”; voochiiu, “with one’s own eyes”). Predicative adverbs function as the principal member of a sentence in which a subject and predicate are not expressed separately (stydno, “it is a shame”; nuzhno, “it is necessary”). In a number of languages (for example, Nenets), there is a transitional class of words with an incomplete declension (often called adverbs) between the noun and the adverb (for example, Nenets haqga, “whither,” “where to,” and hangad, “whence,” “wherefrom”).

Adverbs are classed according to whether they modify verbs (Russian, priglagol’nye narechiid) or adjectives (priad”ektivnye narechiia), and according to meaning, as adverbs of place, time, cause, and degree. Depending on the method of formation, adverbs may be grammatical, which are formed regularly (Russian adverbs in -o, -ski; English adverbs in -ly), and nongrammatical, which are morphologically irregular, or nonanalyzable (Russian ochen’, “very”; English “well”).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Whichever is favoured, it will distort facts at least partly by ignoring either the adverbial (morphologically '-ly'-marked, some degree of mobility and optionality) or the adjectival dimension (syntactic predicative function, categorial meaning as in central adjectives) of subject-related '-ly' words.
At Year 4 level, before going on to look at patterns of use of adverbial phrases, the sort might be used to assist students to classify them accurately.
The analyses were conducted on reading times for the first (adverbial) clause, the second critical clause, and the third clause.
We therefore do not expect to find evidence for "verbal" usage (accusative case, adverbial modification, etc.); this is in fact the case, except for the following passage:
Middles without adverbs receive the very poor average score of 1.7, compared to those middles that were equal to them in all respects except in the presence of adverbial modification, whose average score was 3.9.
It was also sparked by a humorous piece I saw on facebook this week, in which the primary school English curriculum was skewered for its bonkersness - a piece in which not a single member of an entire family could do their child's homework on 'fronted adverbials'.
So, an initial view of adverbial support in the expression of perfect meaning shows that verb forms take adverbial support in more than 20 per cent of cases, and that this tendency is more pronounced in the L1 variety, British English, than in others, with the sole exception of Singapore English.
Then of thy beauty do I question make, (12:9) Then the conceit of this inconstant stay (15:9) Except the adverbial clauses of time in the first eight lines, both sonnets have two main clauses, one in the third quatrain and the other in the concluding couplet; both start their first main clause in line eight, and both begin their ending couplets with the same coordinating conjunction "And," which tightly links the first main clause in the third quatrain with the second main clause in the concluding rhyming couplets, just as Edward Hubler points out: "It is simply that "when" introduces a subordinate clause which must, perhaps after more subordinate matter, lead to a main clause, thus creating an arrangement of logically ordered elements in an emphatic sequence" (25).