adverb

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adverb

An adverb refers to any element in a sentence used to modify a verb, adjective, another adverb, or even an entire clause.
Adverbs can be single words, phrases (called adverbial phrases), or entire clauses (called adverbial clauses).
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adverb:

see part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
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; adjectiveadjective,
English part of speech, one of the two that refer typically to attributes and together are called modifiers. The other kind of modifier is the adverb. Adjectives and adverbs are functionally distinct in that adjectives modify nouns and pronouns, while adverbs
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Adverb

 

a part of speech; a class of autonomous words that are uninflected or inflected only for degrees of comparison and are contrasted in this way to other autonomous words. As a rule, adverbs modify an action or quality and are subordinate to a verb or adjective.

In Russian, the adverbial modifier may coincide with case forms (with or without a preposition) of the noun (for example, On primchalsia begom/streloi, “He came running on the double/like an arrow”), to which it is often also genetically related (Russian peshkom, “on foot”; vverkh, “up, upward”; voochiiu, “with one’s own eyes”). Predicative adverbs function as the principal member of a sentence in which a subject and predicate are not expressed separately (stydno, “it is a shame”; nuzhno, “it is necessary”). In a number of languages (for example, Nenets), there is a transitional class of words with an incomplete declension (often called adverbs) between the noun and the adverb (for example, Nenets haqga, “whither,” “where to,” and hangad, “whence,” “wherefrom”).

Adverbs are classed according to whether they modify verbs (Russian, priglagol’nye narechiid) or adjectives (priad”ektivnye narechiia), and according to meaning, as adverbs of place, time, cause, and degree. Depending on the method of formation, adverbs may be grammatical, which are formed regularly (Russian adverbs in -o, -ski; English adverbs in -ly), and nongrammatical, which are morphologically irregular, or nonanalyzable (Russian ochen’, “very”; English “well”).

V. M. ZHIVOV

References in periodicals archive ?
In the case of the preterite and the base form, both verbal forms clearly favour (or demand) adverbial support in the spoken language.
Except the two independent prepositional phrases discussed above, other examples that can show the skillful complexity and intricate complication of the long adverbial "When .
Fully regular adverbial paradigm is found with the suffix '-ly'.
Semantically, stance adverbials can be divided into three groups--epistemic, attitude and style (Biber et al.
On the contrary, the marked form is more likely to occur when an adverbial splits the verb and the infinitive.
In the corpus of Judgments, 65 out of 79 adverbial present participial clauses were supplementive.
Adverbial > [Elizabeth made a notice in a careful manner / in a careful way.
A common colour code is green for verbs and verb groups, red for subject and object/complement (called participants in functional grammar) and blue for adverbs and adverbial phrases showing circumstances.
Thus, de Vega, Rinck, Diaz and Leon (2007) found that while-sentences were read faster and judged as more sensible when the long-duration event was placed in the adverbial clause, playing the role of ground, and the short-duration event was in the main clause as the figure (e.
The group of Adverbial idioms basically consists of prepositional phrases that perform the function of both the Adjectives and Adverbs in the sentence.
jagmur) can optionally take an adverbial accusative (5) (Richtungsakkusativ or accusative of goal) specifying the destination of the verbal action: