advocate

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advocate:

see attorneyattorney,
agent put in place of another to manage particular affairs of the principal. An attorney in fact is an agent who conducts business under authority that is controlled and limited by a written document called a letter, or power, of attorney granted by the principal.
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Advocate

 

a person who practices the profession of rendering legal assistance. In the USSR, an advocate must be a citizen and must have a higher education in law and no less than two years of experience in legal work. A person who does not have a higher legal education but does have at least five years of experience in legal work may be admitted to a college of advocates (Kollegiia advokatov ) by permission of the council of ministers of an autonomous republic or the executive committee of a regional (territorial) soviet of workers’ deputies. Advocates are subject to the general labor legislation with the specific conditions of their work taken into consideration. Soviet advocates render legal assistance to the population, enterprises, institutions, and organizations in the form of consultation and advice on legal questions, interpretation of and information on legislation, the preparation of complaints, petitions, and other legal documents. Advocates act as defense counsels for persons under indictment or as representatives of civil plaintiffs, defendants, and victims in criminal cases and as representatives of the parties or other participants in civil cases. In some cases, legislation provides for the mandatory participation of an advocate in the proceedings—for instance, in all cases of crimes committed by minors. In cases of crimes of minors or of persons whose physical or mental handicaps prevent them from exercising their right of defense, an advocate may act as defense counsel from the moment the charge is made. In all other cases, he may do so from the moment the defendant has been informed of the completion of the preliminary investigation. The colleges of advocates may conclude agreements with institutions, enterprises, organizations, and kolkhozes on conducting cases for them in courts and arbitration tribunals.

An advocate is obligated to use all the methods and techniques of defense specified by law to bring out the circumstances that might lead to the acquittal of the defendant or to the mitigation of his responsibility and to render all necessary help to the defendant. An advocate does not have the right to withdraw from a case he has assumed or to divulge information that he has received in the process of rendering legal assistance.

In the USSR, advocates’ services are accessible to the population, thanks to a wide network of legal consultation offices and the low fees for services. In many cases, legal assistance is rendered free of charge: in labor cases, in cases on collecting alimony, and in preparing various statements for disabled persons of the first and second groups, for enlisted men, and others. Oral information is also rendered free. The presidium of the college of advocates or the manager of a legal consultation office may also waive the fee for other types of legal aid, depending on the financial situation of the person who has asked for legal help.

In contrast to bourgeois states, there is no private law practice in the USSR and other socialist countries. Every advocate must be a member of the college of advocates, through which he receives all cases or other commissions to render legal assistance. In the USSR, all advocates have equal rights and can plead in any court. There is no division of advocates into higher and lower categories such as existed in prerevolutionary Russia (sworn attorney and private attorney, the latter allowed to plead only in a lower court) or such as still exists in Britain (barrister and solicitor) and in France (avocat and avoué).

T. N. DOBROVOL’SKAIA

advocate

1. a person who pleads his client's cause in a court of law
2. Scots Law the usual word for barrister
References in periodicals archive ?
A notification of Law Department, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa issued Wednesday said Arshad Ahmad Advocate and Iftikhar-ud-Din Yousafzai Advocate have been appointed as Additional Advocate General Peshawar.
Services supplied by an individual advocate including a senior advocate by way of representational services before any court, tribunal or authority, directly or indirectly, to any business entity located in the taxable territory, including where contract for provision of such service has been entered through another advocate or a firm of advocates, or by a firm of advocates, by way of legal services, to a business entity.
MIRPUR -- Muzaffar Ali Zaffar Advocate and Raja Sohail Shamin Advocate have been elected as President and General Secretary respectively of District Bar Association (DBA) Mirpur AJK, in annual elections held here for term of year 2015, it was officially declared.
Under the new law, general meetings (conferences) of lawyers have been held to establish one regional chamber of advocates in each entity.
While there is no standardized curriculum to prepare individuals or teams for the advocate role, and because there are no consistent disciplines, NATCO developed a training manual for advocates (NATCO, 2012).
I seek your guidance as I have been cheated by an advocate in Dubai.
There are TPAPN advocates who have successfully completed the TPAPN program and continue to maintain their recovery.
Judge advocates serve in the position of Staff Judge Advocate on the special and personal staff of general officers in command who are general court-martial convening authorities (the authority to convene a general court-martial).
In the tiny universe of my son's special education needs, we were lucky enough never to have needed a more "official" advocate--someone, for example, who was trained by one of the many Parent Training and Information Centers across the country, to help parents understand their rights under state and federal law, help them navigate the maze of special education, and, ultimately, help them become better advocates for their children.
Advocates also provide community outreach and education for survivors of sexual assault, their families and the community.
The centers represent a great opportunity to conduct transdisciplinary science to explore the problem of breast cancer from many different perspectives, including the valuable perspective of [breast cancer survivor] advocates," said Robert Hiatt, principal investigator for the BCERC at the University of California, San Francisco, which collaborates with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and serves as the coordinating center for the BCERC network.

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