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see attorneyattorney,
agent put in place of another to manage particular affairs of the principal. An attorney in fact is an agent who conducts business under authority that is controlled and limited by a written document called a letter, or power, of attorney granted by the principal.
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a person who practices the profession of rendering legal assistance. In the USSR, an advocate must be a citizen and must have a higher education in law and no less than two years of experience in legal work. A person who does not have a higher legal education but does have at least five years of experience in legal work may be admitted to a college of advocates (Kollegiia advokatov ) by permission of the council of ministers of an autonomous republic or the executive committee of a regional (territorial) soviet of workers’ deputies. Advocates are subject to the general labor legislation with the specific conditions of their work taken into consideration. Soviet advocates render legal assistance to the population, enterprises, institutions, and organizations in the form of consultation and advice on legal questions, interpretation of and information on legislation, the preparation of complaints, petitions, and other legal documents. Advocates act as defense counsels for persons under indictment or as representatives of civil plaintiffs, defendants, and victims in criminal cases and as representatives of the parties or other participants in civil cases. In some cases, legislation provides for the mandatory participation of an advocate in the proceedings—for instance, in all cases of crimes committed by minors. In cases of crimes of minors or of persons whose physical or mental handicaps prevent them from exercising their right of defense, an advocate may act as defense counsel from the moment the charge is made. In all other cases, he may do so from the moment the defendant has been informed of the completion of the preliminary investigation. The colleges of advocates may conclude agreements with institutions, enterprises, organizations, and kolkhozes on conducting cases for them in courts and arbitration tribunals.

An advocate is obligated to use all the methods and techniques of defense specified by law to bring out the circumstances that might lead to the acquittal of the defendant or to the mitigation of his responsibility and to render all necessary help to the defendant. An advocate does not have the right to withdraw from a case he has assumed or to divulge information that he has received in the process of rendering legal assistance.

In the USSR, advocates’ services are accessible to the population, thanks to a wide network of legal consultation offices and the low fees for services. In many cases, legal assistance is rendered free of charge: in labor cases, in cases on collecting alimony, and in preparing various statements for disabled persons of the first and second groups, for enlisted men, and others. Oral information is also rendered free. The presidium of the college of advocates or the manager of a legal consultation office may also waive the fee for other types of legal aid, depending on the financial situation of the person who has asked for legal help.

In contrast to bourgeois states, there is no private law practice in the USSR and other socialist countries. Every advocate must be a member of the college of advocates, through which he receives all cases or other commissions to render legal assistance. In the USSR, all advocates have equal rights and can plead in any court. There is no division of advocates into higher and lower categories such as existed in prerevolutionary Russia (sworn attorney and private attorney, the latter allowed to plead only in a lower court) or such as still exists in Britain (barrister and solicitor) and in France (avocat and avoué).



1. a person who pleads his client's cause in a court of law
2. Scots Law the usual word for barrister
References in periodicals archive ?
On its new blog, The Advocator Group explains, "6 reasons to get help when you apply for disability benefits," outlining how the guidance of an experienced Social Security advocate can alleviate stress and give you time to focus on you during the SSDI process.
In addition, he will examine trends in data and client feedback to continuously strengthen The Advocator Group s service model and its overall client award rates.
As per the deal, VSD will work as global advocator of PMU especially in acquiring potential technology and equipments for the formulation of a college for the visually impaired and blind.
Judges described him as a passionate advocator for young people who believed in the power of education to change lives and said he was universally loved and admired in the community.
John Francome, former champion jockey, is a great advocator of the training and education of young jockeys.
AaThe one-day event comprised of a number of different activities including a fashion show that was organized by Khawla Hourani, an active advocator of social work, and was modeled by a group of women with speech and hearing disabilities.
He was a keen advocator of international racing and, while based at Sha Tin, his reputation in the big races was unmatched.
Grace Ge Gabriel, Asia regional director of International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), the Yarmouth Port, MA-based animal welfare advocator, said the ban shows the trend that global trade has forced compliance to higher standards in quality requirements, "including standards of animal welfare.
Your position as the director of logistics, J4, on the Joint Staff has been called the advocator and the integrator.
Confucius was a sage who was an advocator of good virtues and manners.
A passionate advocator of Round Table takeaways (Satwa branch being far better than Garhoud, it should be noted), my dining partnereCOs idea of the perfect pizza is a glorified artery-clogging meat-fest, stacked with every type of animal, mineral and vegetable known to mankind.