Even the aerial stem fragments can sprout and form new colonies (Praeger, 1934; Schaffner, 1931; Wagner & Hammitt, 1970).
Schaffner (1931) and Praeger (1934) utilized the adventitious rooting capabilities of Equisetum stems to successfully propagate many species from aerial stem cuttings.
palustre may produce more than 100 times more rhizome biomass than aerial stem biomass.
The plant consists of upright aerial stems that arise from a very extensive underground rhizome system (Hauke, 1963).
The aerial stems of Calamites were of determinate growth, like those of modern horsetails, despite their capacity for secondary xylem formation (Eggert, 1962).
The aerial stems of all of these species, except for E.
2] in aerial stems to the inverse condition in submerged rhizomes.
The rhizomes give rise to erect, determinate, aerial stems that produce regular whorls of lateral branches, giving the stems a remarkably precise radial symmetry.
have unbranched aerial stems with terminal strobili, and are typically a meter or less tall; the species belongs to subgenus Hippochaete.
Aerial stems and rhizomes collected for study were cut into nodal and internodal segments and preserved in 50% ethanol.
All of the species of Equisetum studied, despite their differing habits, share the basic plan, in both aerial stems and underground stems (rhizomes) of two distinctive types of metaxylem tracheary elements: internodal and nodal.