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(ârō`biks), [Gr.,=with oxygen], system of endurance exercises that promote cardiovascular fitness by producing and sustaining an elevated heart rate for a prolonged period of time, thereby pumping an increased amount of oxygen-rich blood to the muscles being used. Such aerobic activities as running, swimming, and cycling can improve the body's use of oxygen, thereby allowing the heart to work less strenuously. Major Kenneth H. Cooper, a physician, pioneered the field with Aerobics (1968), which outlined fitness programs based on his study of 50,000 U.S. Air Force men and women. Since the 1980s, the term has indicated a specific type of physical fitness routine that involves a fast-paced series of exercises usually performed to the accompaniment of music. Variations include aerobic dance, jazz dance exercise, step aerobics, and low-impact aerobics. Aerobics has become one of the most popular forms of physical exercise in the United States, spawning growing memberships in exercise clubs and creating a large commercial market that includes celebrity exercise videotapes and aerobic gear.


See P. Malfetone and M. Mantell, The High Performance Heart (1991).

References in periodicals archive ?
Cooper, MD, MPH, Cooper Aerobics in Dallas serves as the headquarters for seven health and wellness companies and a research and education nonprofit, The Cooper Institute[R].
However, not all are convinced about the health benefits of kung fu aerobics.
My client list began to build up, and in 2007 I decided to reinvent belly dancing, so I added aerobics to the mix.
Aerobics, running and Zumba are some of the most popular alternative exercise among Filipinos back home.
Rock Aerobics creator Nicola Smith explained: "I've worked in a lot of gyms and hated the way dance music is always associated with exercise.
Ken Cooper prescribes aerobic exercise as preventive medicine
In general, fitness center members have no choice about the presence or location of mirrors in an aerobics room (unless they specifically choose to join a fitness center that has no mirrors).
Former State Chief Minister N Chandra Babu Naidu and actor turned politician Chiranjeevi of the l Praja Rajyam party were among the present to witness the closing session of her prolonged aerobics.
Doggy aerobics adds an element of fun and is definitely something I'm going to get my friends to do.
Aqua aerobics is one of the most effective and safe ways to get yourself into shape.
Taggart has been doing water aerobics since she found out she had diabetes 12 years ago, she said.
AN aerobics marathon competition was held at the Muharraq Club by a group promoting health and fitness.