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(ârō`biks), [Gr.,=with oxygen], system of endurance exercises that promote cardiovascular fitness by producing and sustaining an elevated heart rate for a prolonged period of time, thereby pumping an increased amount of oxygen-rich blood to the muscles being used. Such aerobic activities as running, swimming, and cycling can improve the body's use of oxygen, thereby allowing the heart to work less strenuously. Major Kenneth H. Cooper, a physician, pioneered the field with Aerobics (1968), which outlined fitness programs based on his study of 50,000 U.S. Air Force men and women. Since the 1980s, the term has indicated a specific type of physical fitness routine that involves a fast-paced series of exercises usually performed to the accompaniment of music. Variations include aerobic dance, jazz dance exercise, step aerobics, and low-impact aerobics. Aerobics has become one of the most popular forms of physical exercise in the United States, spawning growing memberships in exercise clubs and creating a large commercial market that includes celebrity exercise videotapes and aerobic gear.


See P. Malfetone and M. Mantell, The High Performance Heart (1991).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Japan, experts say, is a major aerobics power, surpassing even the U.S., where the exercise originated.
of space including ocean-view gyms with cardiovascular and weight machines, aerobics area, thalassotherapy pool, saunas, steam, salon, and wet and dry treatment rooms.
These vices have gone down," he said and noted that the idea of free aerobics training sessions came about when friends and neighbours lost their jobs because of using drugs.
It was only when they staged their first London show in May at the Oslo venue in Hackney that they dreamt up the idea of creating an aerobics dance routine as part of the show.
When it comes to the benefits of water aerobics, the Mayo Clinic cites improved heart health, reduced stress and improved muscular endurance and strength.
Participants were asked not to attend any other land-based or water aerobics classes during the study.
The mean post intervention scores of weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, and Waist-hip ratio following 3 weeks and 6 weeks of dance aerobics was lower than the mean pre intervention score (P < 0.001).
In addition, we designed questionnaire for the application of network in aerobics in normal colleges and carried out validity test by consulting 10 professionals.
Then, the investigators randomly assigned 34 women to a regular water aerobics course which lasted 50 minutes three days a week.
The women were divided into two groups: sixty women that had practiced water aerobics for at least six months (73.30 [+ or -] 6.83 yrs old; 24.76 [+ or -] 1.81 kgx[m.sup.-2]) and thirty sedentary women (74.75 [+ or -] 8.49 yrs old, 25.97 [+ or -] 2.64 kgx[m.sup.-2]).
"Recently we have received complaints from some parents about noise levels from the neighbouring aerobics class.
“Along with diet and exercise, to be Cooperized, you must manage your stress effectively,” said Tyler Cooper, MD, MPH, CEO of Cooper Aerobics Enterprises.