Badcock, "Transonic aerodynamic load
modeling of X-31 aircraft pitching motions," AIAA Journal, vol.
Patil and Hodges  studied the aeroelasticity of a HALE aircraft and found that large deformation induced by flexibility will change the aerodynamic load
In particular, the most critical aerodynamic load
, recorded during the flights of a small aircraft , was experimentally reproduced and applied to the stabilizer.
Instead of a single shell (monocoque)--or full skeleton--semi-monocoque construction uses a partial skeleton to reinforce the airframe's skin in critical areas, but the skin supports most of the aerodynamic load
, further reinforced by internal bulkheads, bracing or stringers.
As the displacements are shown in Figure 5, at different locations on the tower (50% up, 75% up, and at the tip of the tower) for the three-bladed cases and two blade cases, the two-bladed cases create a larger aerodynamic load
and thus higher deflection magnitudes in the wind direction.
Further detailing includes the built-in rear spoiler, which improves the aerodynamic load
, and the double exhaust pipe, which hints at the engine's performance capacity.
The aim was to study the flow around the vehicle in unsteady wind scenario and sheltered vehicle's aerodynamic load
Brown biology graduate student Jorn Cheney said aerodynamic performance depends upon wing shape, asserting that the shape of a membrane wing might initially begin flat but as soon as it starts producing lift it's not going to remain flat because it has to deform in response to that aerodynamic load
Different static rolling angles of the coach were considered in order to determine its influence on the aerodynamic load
coefficients induced by cross-wind.
Likewise, the Squadra Corse has the same rear wing for greater aerodynamic load
-- achieving aerodynamic conditions, three times the load of the Gallardo LP 560-4 -- for increased dynamic stability during tight, highspeed driving.