aerogel

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aerogel,

any of a group of extremely light and porous solid materials; the lightest is less than four times as dense as dry air. Aerogels are produced from certain gels (see colloidcolloid
[Gr.,=gluelike], a mixture in which one substance is divided into minute particles (called colloidal particles) and dispersed throughout a second substance. The mixture is also called a colloidal system, colloidal solution, or colloidal dispersion.
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) by heating the gel under pressure, which causes the liquid in the gel to become supercritical (in a state between a liquid and a gas) and lose its surface tension. In this state, the liquid may be removed from the gel by applying additional heat, without disrupting the porous network formed by the gel's solid component. The resulting aerogels are typically about 95–99% air. Aerogels have been produced from silica and other metal oxides, organic polymers, carbon, and other materials. Silica-based aerogels are among the lightest, and some, nicknamed "solid smoke" or "frozen smoke," are nearly transparent. Heavier aerogels were first developed in 1931 and have been used to detect high-energy particles emitted by particle acceleratorsparticle accelerator,
apparatus used in nuclear physics to produce beams of energetic charged particles and to direct them against various targets. Such machines, popularly called atom smashers, are needed to observe objects as small as the atomic nucleus in studies of its
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. Newer, lighter aerogels with relatively high insulating properties are used as insulation in a range of applications; other aerogels are being used in filtration and adsorption applications and as catalysts or carriers for catalysts.

aerogel

[′e·rō‚jel]
(chemistry)
A porous solid formed from a gel by replacing the liquid with a gas with little change in volume so that the solid is highly porous.
References in periodicals archive ?
The chemicals used in this study for the preparation of modified silica aerogels by sol-gel synthesis were tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) and methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS) from Aldrich.
But contrary to silica aerogels, HGM exhibit a high specific compressive strength and stiffness due to the near perfect spherical shape of the microspheres [15].
Aspen Aerogels Incorporated, an aerogel technology company, has launched its latest innovation in aerogel insulation technology, Pyrogel(R) HPS.
The NCF aerogels were obtained using an ultrasonication method that involved freeze-drying.
As part of the supply agreement, Aspen will commit to the exclusive supply of its Spaceloft A2 product for incorporation within BASF's aerogel enhanced Slentex wall system for the building materials market.
It has been motivated to develop a feasible route for such high performance materials preparation, that is, silica aerogels and its corresponding composite materials with a great potential of recycle use of low cost and environmental correlated large stocked solid waste.
When the metal foams are coated with silica aerogels, both the hydraulic diameter and the pore diameter change.
Silica aerogel is known as the lightest solid insulator in the world.
To capture tiny flecks of comet dust whizzing through space, NASA scientists on the 1999 Stardust mission turned to silica aerogel.
BANKING AND CREDIT NEWS-June 20, 2014--Barclays, JP Morgan, and Citigroup lead Aspen Aerogels IPO, raising USD 82.
M2 EQUITYBITES-June 20, 2014--Barclays, JP Morgan, and Citigroup lead Aspen Aerogels IPO, raising USD 82.
6 million shares of common stock plus an option to sell up to 1 million additional shares to underwriters, the company could raise more than $122 million, according to numbers released Monday by Aspen Aerogels.