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Synonym for meteorology, according to official usage in the U.S. Navy until 1957.
The study of the free atmosphere throughout its vertical extent, as distinguished from studies confined to the layer of the atmosphere near the earth's surface.



the branch of atmospheric physics which studies physical phenomena and processes which occur in the free atmosphere—that is, at the distance above the surface of the earth where the earth’s direct influence is no longer felt.

Aerology studies the composition and structure of the earth’s atmosphere up to great altitudes, the formation of clouds and precipitation as well as methods of regulating their development, radiation heat exchange in the free atmosphere, air currents at various altitudes including turbulent (whirlwind) movements in the atmosphere, the interaction of air masses, and so on. Aerological studies have been stimulated primarily by the problems of improving weather forecasting methods and especially by the development of aviation—for example, high-altitude jet and turbojet airplanes. A great deal of data has been gathered on the microstructure of clouds, condensation processes, sizes of cloud droplets and their concentration in cloud layers, sizes and forms of ice particles in clouds with a temperature of below 0°C, and so on, which, together with data concerning temperature and vapor-forming moisture in clouds, has brought closer the solution of the problem of the artificial regulation of clouds and precipitation. Special attention is being paid to the study of the general atmospheric circulation up to great altitudes; so-called jet stream currents have been discovered in the troposphere and the lower stratosphere.

Research on the upper layers of the atmosphere has been greatly developed. New data have been accumulated on air composition, the temperature system* the distribution of air currents up to great altitudes, and the interconnection between the processes which occur in the troposphere, the stratosphere, and the mesosphere. Broad prospects for the study of the upper layers of the atmosphere were opened up in conjunction with the successful launching in the USSR and subsequently in the USA of artificial earth satellites.

Aerological research is being conducted with the aid of modern electronic equipment by using radar and radio devices and various aviation, rocket, and weather satellite equipment, as well as by the organization of aerological observations from a continuously operating network of aerological observatories and stations. Aerology is also concerned with developing methods and instruments, the so-called aerological instruments, for studying the free atmosphere.


Khrgian, A. Kh. Fizika atmosfery. Moscow, 1969.
Khvostikov, I. A. Vysokie sloi atmosfery. Leningrad, 1964.
Pinus, N. Z., and S. M. Shmeter.Aerologiia. Part 2: “Fizika svobodnoi atmosfery.” Leningrad, 1965.
Matveev, L. T. Osnovy obshchei meteorologii (Fizika atmosfery). Leningrad, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
The company said that its Maintenance Performance Toolbox, including the Library and Authoring modules, will help AeroLogic to streamline a range of maintenance activities.
We selected AMES to support our line operations because of their extensive line maintenance experience and their efficient approach," remarked Felix Titze, Project Manager of Line Maintenance for AeroLogic.
Dubai Logistics firm DHL has expanded its air network with an Aerologic route linking the UAE to Asia and Europe.
Deucalion Capital and AeroLogic have eight 777 Freighters on order and AeroLogic will operate a fleet that is solely comprised of the new aircraft.
Deringer Aban Air Access America Transport Adria Airways ADS Logistic Services Aegean Airlines Aer Lingus Aeroflot Cargo Aerolineas Argentinas AeroLogic GmbH Aeromexico Cargo Aeroscraft Aerosvit AeroUnion AF-KL Cargo AFL Pvt.
Demand for Europe to Asia and Europe to US remains stable, despite the weakened world economy, and is expected to increase in the mid-term," AeroLogic said.
Deucalion Capital VII Limited, a company advised and managed by DVB Bank AG, has acquired eight Boeing 777 Freighters for lease to AeroLogic, a new joint venture airline formed by Lufthansa Cargo and DHL Express, Boeing (NYSE: BA) has revealed.
We are certain that these airplanes will benefit our customers greatly, as experienced by our AeroLogic joint venture, which already operates eight 777 Freighters.
AeroLogic 777 Freighter includes key Boeing Lifecycle Solutions maintenance products
25 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Boeing announced today at MRO Europe that AeroLogic has adopted the airplane manufacturer's Web-based solutions, Maintenance Performance Toolbox and Airplane Health Management, as foundations for the carrier's 777 Freighter maintenance documentation platform when deliveries begin in 2009.
In addition, AeroLogic will use NetLine/Sched for schedule management, NetLine/Ops for all operational control processes and Lido OC for flight planning via DHL Express.