aeronautical engineering

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aeronautical engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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aeronautical engineering

[e·rə′nȯd·ə·kəl en·jə′nir·iŋ]
(aerospace engineering)
The branch of engineering concerned primarily with the design and construction of aircraft structures and power units, and with the special problems of flight in the atmosphere.

Aeronautical engineering

That branch of engineering concerned primarily with the special problems of flight and other modes of transportation involving a heavy reliance on aerodynamics or fluid mechanics. The main emphasis is on airplane and missile flight, but aeronautical engineers work in many related fields such as hydrofoils, which have many problems in common with aircraft wings, and with such devices as air-cushion vehicles, which make use of airflow around the base to lift the vehicle a few feet off the ground, whereupon it is propelled forward by use of propellers or gas turbines. See Aerodynamics, Airplane

Aeronautical engineering expanded dramatically after 1940. Flight speeds increased from a few hundred miles per hour to satellite and space-vehicle velocities. The common means of propulsion changed from propellers to turboprops, turbojets, ramjets, and rockets. This change gave rise to new applications of basic science to the field and a higher reliance on theory and high-speed computers in design and testing, since it was often not feasible to proceed by experimental methods only. See Jet propulsion, Propulsion, Rocket propulsion, Space technology

Aeronautical engineers frequently serve as system integrators of important parts of a design. For example, the control system of an aircraft involves, among other considerations, aerodynamic input from flow calculations and wind-tunnel tests; the structural design of the aircraft (since the flexibility and strength of the structure must be allowed for); the mechanical design of the control system itself; electrical components, such as servomechanisms; hydraulic components, such as hydraulic boosters; and interactions with other systems that affect the control of the aircraft, such as the propulsion system. The aeronautical engineer is responsible for ensuring that all of these factors operate smoothly together.

Aircraft and missile structural engineers have raised the technique of designing complex structures to a level never considered possible before the advent of high-speed computers. Structures can now be analyzed in great detail and the results incorporated directly into computer-aided design (CAD) programs. See Computer-aided design and manufacturing

References in periodicals archive ?
Creating technical standards and licensing at every appropriate level related to aeronautical engineering personnel could be a major step in accomplishing this.
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is seeking to identify firms interested in responding to a Request for Proposals (RFP) for Indefinite Quantity Contracts (IQC) for performance of Expert Professional Aeronautical Engineering Design Services for Federally Funded Projects as Requested During 2015.
Bui earned a bachelor's degrees in aeronautical engineering from California Polytechnic University at San Luis Obispo, then went to work as graduate research assistant in 1988 at NASA's Ames Research Center near San Jose.
Aldridge received a bachelor of science degree in aeronautical engineering from Texas Agricultural and Mechanical University and a master of science degree in aeronautical engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology.
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Hardman holds an honors degree in aeronautical engineering from Imperial College in London and is also a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales.
An Ohio native, Armstrong received a Bachelors Degree in aeronautical engineering from Purdue University, and a Masters Degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Southern California.
Starting from November 2014, Babcock will be offering training services to six schools within the Defence College of Technical Training, to include The Defence School of Marine Engineering at HMS Sultan; The Royal Navy Aeronautical Engineering & Survival School at HMS SULTAN; The Nuclear Department based at HMS Sultan The Defence School of Electronic & Mechanical Engineering at Arborfield and Bordon; The School of Army Aeronautical Engineering at Arborfield and The Royal Electrical & Mechanical Engineers (REME) Arms School at Arborfield.
An Oklahoma native, Hall graduated from Northrop Institute of Technology in Inglewood with a degree in aeronautical engineering, according to biographical information from the National League of Families of American Prisoners and Missing in Southeast Asia.
Bill and Michael's extensive careers in design, development and testing of proven world class advanced aircraft, including manufacturing of state-of-the-art composite airframes and application of leading-edge technology, linked with their skills as an aerodynamicist and aeronautical engineering, make them an excellent addition to the Sanswire technical team.

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