aeronautical engineering


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aeronautical engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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aeronautical engineering

[e·rə′nȯd·ə·kəl en·jə′nir·iŋ]
(aerospace engineering)
The branch of engineering concerned primarily with the design and construction of aircraft structures and power units, and with the special problems of flight in the atmosphere.

Aeronautical engineering

That branch of engineering concerned primarily with the special problems of flight and other modes of transportation involving a heavy reliance on aerodynamics or fluid mechanics. The main emphasis is on airplane and missile flight, but aeronautical engineers work in many related fields such as hydrofoils, which have many problems in common with aircraft wings, and with such devices as air-cushion vehicles, which make use of airflow around the base to lift the vehicle a few feet off the ground, whereupon it is propelled forward by use of propellers or gas turbines. See Aerodynamics, Airplane

Aeronautical engineering expanded dramatically after 1940. Flight speeds increased from a few hundred miles per hour to satellite and space-vehicle velocities. The common means of propulsion changed from propellers to turboprops, turbojets, ramjets, and rockets. This change gave rise to new applications of basic science to the field and a higher reliance on theory and high-speed computers in design and testing, since it was often not feasible to proceed by experimental methods only. See Jet propulsion, Propulsion, Rocket propulsion, Space technology

Aeronautical engineers frequently serve as system integrators of important parts of a design. For example, the control system of an aircraft involves, among other considerations, aerodynamic input from flow calculations and wind-tunnel tests; the structural design of the aircraft (since the flexibility and strength of the structure must be allowed for); the mechanical design of the control system itself; electrical components, such as servomechanisms; hydraulic components, such as hydraulic boosters; and interactions with other systems that affect the control of the aircraft, such as the propulsion system. The aeronautical engineer is responsible for ensuring that all of these factors operate smoothly together.

Aircraft and missile structural engineers have raised the technique of designing complex structures to a level never considered possible before the advent of high-speed computers. Structures can now be analyzed in great detail and the results incorporated directly into computer-aided design (CAD) programs. See Computer-aided design and manufacturing

References in periodicals archive ?
However, neither of these models completely addresses the accountability requirements of all categories of aeronautical engineering personnel involved in the design, manufacture, airworthiness, and maintenance of aircraft, because only the key personnel are licensed or approved under the systems.
Aircraft maintenance centre, and inset, Mandla Sibanda, 28, from South Africa, who is a second-year BEng (Hons) aeronautical engineering student
Ryan McAnerney, an Aeronautical Engineering Craft Apprentice with Airbus UK in Broughton
Tenders are invited for Indefinite Quantity Contracts for Performance of Expert Professional Aeronautical Engineering Design Services for Federally Funded Projects as Requested during 2015.
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, will honor legendary aircraft designer and aeronautical engineering alumnus Burt Rutan during its Fall Convocation.
A 1940 graduate of the University of Washington with a master's degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in aeronautical engineering, Steiner worked for Boeing for 43 years.
Joe scored a perfect 1600 on his SAT, co-authored the bestselling book Up Your Score: The Underground Guide to the SAT, and has advanced degrees in aeronautical engineering.
Contract Awarded for Providing of aeronautical engineering
Bui earned bachelor's and master's degrees in aeronautical engineering from California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, and a doctorate in aeronautics and astronautics at Stanford University.
He also attended Naval Postgraduate School, earning a master's degree in aeronautical engineering in 1991.
Koopersmith holds a bachelor's degree in aeronautical engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

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