aeronautical engineering


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aeronautical engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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aeronautical engineering

[e·rə′nȯd·ə·kəl en·jə′nir·iŋ]
(aerospace engineering)
The branch of engineering concerned primarily with the design and construction of aircraft structures and power units, and with the special problems of flight in the atmosphere.

Aeronautical engineering

That branch of engineering concerned primarily with the special problems of flight and other modes of transportation involving a heavy reliance on aerodynamics or fluid mechanics. The main emphasis is on airplane and missile flight, but aeronautical engineers work in many related fields such as hydrofoils, which have many problems in common with aircraft wings, and with such devices as air-cushion vehicles, which make use of airflow around the base to lift the vehicle a few feet off the ground, whereupon it is propelled forward by use of propellers or gas turbines. See Aerodynamics, Airplane

Aeronautical engineering expanded dramatically after 1940. Flight speeds increased from a few hundred miles per hour to satellite and space-vehicle velocities. The common means of propulsion changed from propellers to turboprops, turbojets, ramjets, and rockets. This change gave rise to new applications of basic science to the field and a higher reliance on theory and high-speed computers in design and testing, since it was often not feasible to proceed by experimental methods only. See Jet propulsion, Propulsion, Rocket propulsion, Space technology

Aeronautical engineers frequently serve as system integrators of important parts of a design. For example, the control system of an aircraft involves, among other considerations, aerodynamic input from flow calculations and wind-tunnel tests; the structural design of the aircraft (since the flexibility and strength of the structure must be allowed for); the mechanical design of the control system itself; electrical components, such as servomechanisms; hydraulic components, such as hydraulic boosters; and interactions with other systems that affect the control of the aircraft, such as the propulsion system. The aeronautical engineer is responsible for ensuring that all of these factors operate smoothly together.

Aircraft and missile structural engineers have raised the technique of designing complex structures to a level never considered possible before the advent of high-speed computers. Structures can now be analyzed in great detail and the results incorporated directly into computer-aided design (CAD) programs. See Computer-aided design and manufacturing

References in periodicals archive ?
Under current practices, licensing is not mandatory for all engineers in the aeronautical engineering field, and only the personnel who certify certain tasks related to aircraft or aeronautical products are required by statute to be licensed or authorised.
-ated in 1945 with a diploma in aeronautical engineering, has also been recog-design.
| Flintshire technical college - aeronautical engineering department have a real jet aircraft to practice on.
He holds Bachelor's degree in Aeronautical Engineering from USA and a Master's degree in Aerospace Engineering.
But more importantly, working with Airbus, Coleg Cambria and Glyndw r University, she has a string of qualifications that include a distinction in her foundation degree in aeronautical engineering and an NVQ Level 4 in engineering leadership.
Meanwhile, BAS Aircraft Engineering Training Centre (BAETC) announced it had been certified as an Edexcel Higher National Diploma (HND)provider for their aeronautical engineering programmes, a first in Bahrain.
Meanwhile, BAS Aircraft Engineering Training Centre (BAETC) announced it had been certified as an Edexcel Higher National Diploma (HND) provider for their aeronautical engineering programmes, a first in Bahrain.
Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Trophy for Best Performance in General Service Training in College of Flying Training was awarded to Pilot Officer Rana Ehsan Ishfaq, while Pilot Officer Kamran Zia lifted Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Trophy for Best Performance in General Service Training in College of Aeronautical Engineering. Chief of the Air Staff Trophy for Best Performance in Flying was awarded to Pilot Officer Talha Sarwar while Pilot Officer M Adnan Khan lifted Chief of the Air Staff Trophy for Best Performance in Engineering Discipline.
The UK title would enhance a successful year for Matthew, who scooped the Aeronautical Engineering Award at Barry College's annual prize giving night in March.
Twelve trainees have completed a National Certificate in Aeronautical Engineering - giving them a foothold in the highly-competitive industry.
The volume is meant for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in aeronautical engineering and design engineers in the military and industrial sectors.
Ahmed, who was arrested after last weekend's attack at Glasgow Airport, completed a post-graduate course in aeronautical engineering and lived close to the Belfast campus.

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