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The practice of growing plants without soil while suspended in air; a nutrient and water solution is sprayed on the roots and allowed to drain off to be discarded or recycled.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



air culture, raising plants without soil or soil substitutes. The plants are supplied with nutrients by periodically (every 10–20 minutes) spraying the roots with an atomized nutrient solution. the aeroponic method was proposed in 1910 by the russian scholar v. m. artsikhovskii for purposes of research. Subsequently aeroponics was applied to industrial vegetable and flower production. The aeroponic method of cultivation has been applied not only to plants •whose aboveground parts are used, but also to root crops. The advantage of aeroponics is that it expends a minimum quantity of nutrient solution, and the absence of substratum decreases the size of the installation needed for raising plants. This is particularly important for raising plants in greenhouses, space stations, and ships, among other places.


Artsikhovskii, V. “O ‘vozdushnykh kul’turakh’ rastenii.” Zhurnal opytnoi agronomii, 1911, vol. 12, no. 1.
Murash, I. G. “O vozdushnoi kul’ture rastenii ν zakrytom grunte.” Fiziologiia rastenii, 1963, vol. 10, issue 5.
Shaidarov, Iu. I. “Ustanovka dlia vyrashchivaniia rastenii metodom vozdushnoi kul’tury.” Fiziologiia rastenii, 1964, issue 2.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many private companies are interested in growing crops in hydroponic, aquaponic and aeroponic systems in warehouses, greenhouses, containers and skyscrapers.
Deputy Speaker Sharon Garin of AAMBIS-OWA said the proposal will mandate the Department of Agriculture (DA) to conduct a comprehensive research and information drive on aeroponics technology applied in agricultural production.
Sharon Garin cited the need for Congress to pass the proposed Aeroponics Technology in Agricultural Production Act.
Of the freshwater harvest, 30 percent (60 million litres annually) is sent to the city supply, and the other 60 percent is used for the rotating aeroponics farm in the wheel--in a system that is notably more water and energy efficient than conventional cultivation.
Biopod mimics a natural environment by employing Aeroponics, which perfectly balances oxygen and carbon dioxide just as natural habitats are able to do.
Aeroponics becomes more and more efficient and petri dish veal already developed is likely to reduce space occupied by livestock and provide more space and cheaper machinery for automating agriculture.
* Nebullam--Developed aeroponics technology for indoor vegetable production.
A proposed system of growing crops using hydroponics and aeroponics with access year-round crop production in urban areas.
The paucity of research in applied environmental stressors to alternative agricultural models like aeroponics presents an opportunity for the discovery of fundamental knowledge that could be used in the development of economically viable risk mitigating agricultural models.
Recurring themes in their model cities included food production from advanced traditional farms to high-production facilities within urban centers--vertical gardens maximizing sunlight and rainfall, green roof gardens, hydroponics and aeroponics used in conjunction with aquaponic seafood farms, and fruits and vegetables harvested by sensor-equipped agribots ensuring optimum quality and nutrition.