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Related to affect: effect


Psychol the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an emotional state that is characterized by a turbulent and relatively short course (rage, anger, horror, and so forth). The manifestation of affect is linked with sharply expressed changes both in the autonomous motor sphere (inhibition or overexcitation and disorder in the coordination of movement) and in the sphere of vegetative reactions (change of pulse and breathing, spasms of the peripheral blood vessels, the appearance of so-called cold sweat, and so forth). Affect can disturb the normal course of the higher psychic processes of perception and thinking and can cause a decrease in consciousness or its loss. Under certain conditions, negative affect can be fixated in the memory in the form of so-called affective complexes. These traces of past affective states can become reactivated in the present under the influence of irritants associated with the situation that caused the affect. Another important peculiarity of affect is that with the repetition of a negative affect which is caused by the same factor or analogous factors, its manifestation can be reinforced (the phenomenon of “accumulation” of affect), sometimes creating the impression of pathological conduct. The presence of strong affective states in a person at the time when he commits an action is regarded by the law as a circumstance that decreases the degree of his responsibility for these actions.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Conscious awareness of feelings; mood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The latest report regarding crop wise affected areas in Punjab shows that the loss and damage occurred in wheat, gram and maize crops was of mild to moderate nature, he remarked.
Conclusion: The shorter version of positive affect and negative affect scale was found to be a valid and reliable measure.
The introduction considers the stakes of affect theory for internet research.
Of the company's recent Kickstarter launch, Affect CEO Craig Lick said, “Our mission at Affect is to inspire and infuse social experiences, one person, one drink, and one event at a time.
While several studies have confirmed the relationships between positive emotions, broadened thinking, and beneficial outcomes (for a review see Lyubomirsky et al., 2005), the present study sought to examine the impact of both positive and negative affect on all four major outcomes of the broaden-and-build model simultaneously.
The book is divided into five core thematic chunks (each chunk represents a chapter): impingements, aesthetics and everyday, incorporeal and inorganic, managing affects, and after affect.
Furthermore, Extraversion (r = -.27, p<.01) is found to be negatively related with Negative Affect intensity whereas insignificant relationship of Agreeableness, Openness/Intellect, Emotional stability and Conscientiousness with Negative Affect intensity is revealed.
These results suggest that individuals with different personality dimensions (i.e., extraversion and neuroticism) use emotion regulation strategies differently (i.e., reappraisal), which in turn influences the affect they experience.
However, these cells' membranes also contain sodium channels that aren't affected by the mutation, so the team isn't sure why the affected individuals feel no pain.
Cultural orientations were acquired through the socialization process from childhood to adulthood and very much affect how an individual will interact with people in the rest of the society.
Adding to the issues of low-SES is the problem of changes in family structure and its affect on the home environment of children.
These factors can affect the relationship between its elastic and viscous response, which will vary as a function of temperature and rate of deformation.