affect


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to affect: effect

affect

Psychol the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas

Affect

 

an emotional state that is characterized by a turbulent and relatively short course (rage, anger, horror, and so forth). The manifestation of affect is linked with sharply expressed changes both in the autonomous motor sphere (inhibition or overexcitation and disorder in the coordination of movement) and in the sphere of vegetative reactions (change of pulse and breathing, spasms of the peripheral blood vessels, the appearance of so-called cold sweat, and so forth). Affect can disturb the normal course of the higher psychic processes of perception and thinking and can cause a decrease in consciousness or its loss. Under certain conditions, negative affect can be fixated in the memory in the form of so-called affective complexes. These traces of past affective states can become reactivated in the present under the influence of irritants associated with the situation that caused the affect. Another important peculiarity of affect is that with the repetition of a negative affect which is caused by the same factor or analogous factors, its manifestation can be reinforced (the phenomenon of “accumulation” of affect), sometimes creating the impression of pathological conduct. The presence of strong affective states in a person at the time when he commits an action is regarded by the law as a circumstance that decreases the degree of his responsibility for these actions.

A. N. LEONT’EV

affect

[′af‚ekt]
(psychology)
Conscious awareness of feelings; mood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jussi Parikka's chapter on the necessity of framing software as 'completely entangled with human worlds of affective relations' (p103), or Melissa Gregg's consideration of how GTD ('Getting Things Done') apps propagate neoliberal feelings of productivity and individualism, flesh out the multiple and varied ways that we might use affect to think through our relationship with code (and code's relationship with us).
It was found that cultural orientations do affect student satisfaction with, or the social dimension of, collaborative learning (F = 2.
In sum, nearly all of the researchers agree that SES does affect students' overall cognitive development and academic achievement.
A range of sample shapes was molded to evaluate the effect of different configurations and potential constraints, and to note how these responses might also affect their viscoelastic response and tests used to measure their sealing capability.
More important, the affective state, whether positive or negative affect, changes how we think" (2004, p.
It is important to understand how these policies ultimately affect our eating and physical activity patterns so that we might use policy changes to modify our food and physical activity environments.
The most common type is peripheral neuropathy, also called distal symmetric neuropathy, which affects the arms and legs.
Since Marfan syndrome affects the long bones of the skeleton, arms, legs, fingers, and toes may be disproportionately long in relation to the rest of the body.
For communicators to move from tacticians to strategic partners with management, they must demonstrate how communication affects organizational performance and show which programs have the most significant return on investment.
A researcher uses the scientific method to find out whether a Bad Hair Day affects your mood.
Factors in PE resin manufacturing that affect barrier include the type of polymerization reactor and catalyst, efficiency of catalyst removal, pelletizing, and antioxidant level.
The conspiracy of silence, as used by Boberg & Boberg, is an unspoken agreement between the couple to pretend that stuttering does not affect their lives; thus, stuttering should not be discussed.