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Psychol the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an emotional state that is characterized by a turbulent and relatively short course (rage, anger, horror, and so forth). The manifestation of affect is linked with sharply expressed changes both in the autonomous motor sphere (inhibition or overexcitation and disorder in the coordination of movement) and in the sphere of vegetative reactions (change of pulse and breathing, spasms of the peripheral blood vessels, the appearance of so-called cold sweat, and so forth). Affect can disturb the normal course of the higher psychic processes of perception and thinking and can cause a decrease in consciousness or its loss. Under certain conditions, negative affect can be fixated in the memory in the form of so-called affective complexes. These traces of past affective states can become reactivated in the present under the influence of irritants associated with the situation that caused the affect. Another important peculiarity of affect is that with the repetition of a negative affect which is caused by the same factor or analogous factors, its manifestation can be reinforced (the phenomenon of “accumulation” of affect), sometimes creating the impression of pathological conduct. The presence of strong affective states in a person at the time when he commits an action is regarded by the law as a circumstance that decreases the degree of his responsibility for these actions.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Conscious awareness of feelings; mood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Authorities reported that 236 houses were affected - 96 totally destroyed and 140 partially damaged - after having been hit by the strong waves from Saturday until yesterday.
Based on the monitoring by the CAO, the number of affected farmers climbed to 870 from last month's 650, Kallos added.
"So far we (federal government) have received initial figures of the areas where different crops standing over thousand acres were affected due to last rain spell, mostly the areas was covered with wheat, which was the major cash crop of the season", he said while talking to reporter.
The latest report regarding crop wise affected areas in Punjab shows that the loss and damage occurred in wheat, gram and maize crops was of mild to moderate nature, he remarked.
He added that Devolution Cabinet Secretary Eugene Wamalwa will Friday visit Tana River County to distribute relief food to the affected residents.Mr Dado said that it is in the government's interest to secure lives, adding that the ministry is changing its tactics in addressing drought.
The DSWD said that a total of P14,864,056 worth of assistance has been provided so far to affected families and individuals in the regions hit by the typhoon.
Customer/s Affected: NEECO II - Area 1, NEECO II - Area 2, AURELCO
The Local Government representative and people of the measles affected areas have demanded of the provincial government and health ministry for declaring emergency in the area and for steps to control the measles besides providing appropriate treatment facilities to already affect children.
On aspects of their personal lives, 35% say their confidence in maintaining or improving their standard of living is affected a great deal.
Security operatives were, however, on hand to maintain law and order and help control traffic on the affected roads .
Now our future through children will be in doubt, I cried that day, it's affected me deeply and won't go away, I'm angry as hell and vengeful for blood.