affect

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affect

Psychol the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas

Affect

 

an emotional state that is characterized by a turbulent and relatively short course (rage, anger, horror, and so forth). The manifestation of affect is linked with sharply expressed changes both in the autonomous motor sphere (inhibition or overexcitation and disorder in the coordination of movement) and in the sphere of vegetative reactions (change of pulse and breathing, spasms of the peripheral blood vessels, the appearance of so-called cold sweat, and so forth). Affect can disturb the normal course of the higher psychic processes of perception and thinking and can cause a decrease in consciousness or its loss. Under certain conditions, negative affect can be fixated in the memory in the form of so-called affective complexes. These traces of past affective states can become reactivated in the present under the influence of irritants associated with the situation that caused the affect. Another important peculiarity of affect is that with the repetition of a negative affect which is caused by the same factor or analogous factors, its manifestation can be reinforced (the phenomenon of “accumulation” of affect), sometimes creating the impression of pathological conduct. The presence of strong affective states in a person at the time when he commits an action is regarded by the law as a circumstance that decreases the degree of his responsibility for these actions.

A. N. LEONT’EV

affect

[′af‚ekt]
(psychology)
Conscious awareness of feelings; mood.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to him, in all eleven districts of the province have been affected due to the rains and flood water.
Each consisted of six items with a likert scale to pinpoint areas affected by participants' dyslexia or dyscatculia as well as two open-ended questions so that participants could explain and make comments.
The act provides tax benefits to both employers and employees with respect to employer-provided housing for individuals affected by Hurricane Katrina.
In trying to define a test procedure for predicting performance in an application, it is important to know and understand when a measured response is a material response, or when it may be affected by the configuration, and when the specific configuration effects can vary with different materials.
Note: Although businesses affected by Hurricane Katrina have until Feb.
Recognizing the urgency of this situation, the agencies encourage depository institutions to use nondocumentary verification methods for affected customers that may not be able to provide standard identification documents, as permitted under the regulation.
Wigs may be used to mask the sparseness of hair, although many affected males notice a slight increase in the amount of hair as they age.
While this may seem like a complicated task, an experienced insurer, TPA or independent adjusting firm can look at the area expected to be affected, the strength of the storm of significance of the anticipated disaster, the population of the area, and potential number of affected insureds, and easily determine the ideal number of adjusters needed.
The stop-loss order is being implemented across active duty, the Air Force Ready Reserve and the Air National Guard for affected career fields in the ranks of airman through colonel, the Air Force said.
The feet and legs are likely to be affected before the hands and arms.