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Psychol the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an emotional state that is characterized by a turbulent and relatively short course (rage, anger, horror, and so forth). The manifestation of affect is linked with sharply expressed changes both in the autonomous motor sphere (inhibition or overexcitation and disorder in the coordination of movement) and in the sphere of vegetative reactions (change of pulse and breathing, spasms of the peripheral blood vessels, the appearance of so-called cold sweat, and so forth). Affect can disturb the normal course of the higher psychic processes of perception and thinking and can cause a decrease in consciousness or its loss. Under certain conditions, negative affect can be fixated in the memory in the form of so-called affective complexes. These traces of past affective states can become reactivated in the present under the influence of irritants associated with the situation that caused the affect. Another important peculiarity of affect is that with the repetition of a negative affect which is caused by the same factor or analogous factors, its manifestation can be reinforced (the phenomenon of “accumulation” of affect), sometimes creating the impression of pathological conduct. The presence of strong affective states in a person at the time when he commits an action is regarded by the law as a circumstance that decreases the degree of his responsibility for these actions.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Conscious awareness of feelings; mood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Labor Processes Affecting Workers' Relationships with Clients
The court cited a number of interests advanced by the city in support of the policy, including: 1) avoiding conflicts of interest between work-related and family-related obligations; 2) reducing favoritism or even the appearance of favoritism; and 3) preventing family conflicts from affecting the workplace.(10) The court found that alleviating supervisors from having to decide whether to exercise their discretionary power to hire, assign, promote, discipline, or fire their relatives is rationally related to the practical, utilitarian goals advanced by the city.
The Y2K problem is primarily an issue affecting the aggregate "supply" side of the economy, whereas the Federal Reserve's monetary policy works mainly on aggregate "demand." We all understand how creating more money and lowering the level of short-term interest rates give a boost to interest-sensitive sectors (such as homebuilding), but these tools are unlikely to be very effective in generating more Y2K remediation efforts or accelerating the recovery process if a company experiences some type of Year 2000 disruption.
The proposal would require the immediate recognition by the large C Corporation of the net built-in gain in its assets through the repeal of Section 1374 of the Code and revisions to IRS Notice 98-19 (affecting conversions of C Corporations to RICs or REITs) to conform it thereto.
Some insurance firms will experience date problems affecting up to 90 percent of company software.
A well-developed and healthy doctor-patient relationship provides unique understanding of the patient's situation, allowing more accurate diagnosis of problems, awareness of the relative contributions of physical and psychosocial factors, and greater effectiveness in affecting both physical and psychological needs.
Estrogen affects the timing of ovulation during the menstrual cycle, thus potentially affecting the ability to become pregnant.
In addition, diluted domestic manufacturing has affected the availability of prime scrap, further affecting the overall scrap supply.
If an administrator determines that one file system is 100 percent utilized and another is underutilized, he or she cannot move data from one to the other without affecting users.
Through an inductive review of the literature and considering the implications of GLBT identity development, there are five elements affecting applications and practices, which influence the GLBT graduate student.
Linder expects the provisions affecting treatment of capital gains to have by far the most in1pact on his clients, along with the home-sale provisions, which will be particularly important in California.
T has three businesses of equal size and sells the assets of two of them to an unrelated third party for cash: If two out of three businesses can be discontinued, two out of three businesses can be sold without adversely affecting the "B" reorganization.