affect

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affect

Psychol the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Affect

 

an emotional state that is characterized by a turbulent and relatively short course (rage, anger, horror, and so forth). The manifestation of affect is linked with sharply expressed changes both in the autonomous motor sphere (inhibition or overexcitation and disorder in the coordination of movement) and in the sphere of vegetative reactions (change of pulse and breathing, spasms of the peripheral blood vessels, the appearance of so-called cold sweat, and so forth). Affect can disturb the normal course of the higher psychic processes of perception and thinking and can cause a decrease in consciousness or its loss. Under certain conditions, negative affect can be fixated in the memory in the form of so-called affective complexes. These traces of past affective states can become reactivated in the present under the influence of irritants associated with the situation that caused the affect. Another important peculiarity of affect is that with the repetition of a negative affect which is caused by the same factor or analogous factors, its manifestation can be reinforced (the phenomenon of “accumulation” of affect), sometimes creating the impression of pathological conduct. The presence of strong affective states in a person at the time when he commits an action is regarded by the law as a circumstance that decreases the degree of his responsibility for these actions.

A. N. LEONT’EV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

affect

[′af‚ekt]
(psychology)
Conscious awareness of feelings; mood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The conclusion of the biography, with Alan Clark's final illness and death from the brain tumour which his hypochondriac fears had foretold, is managed most affectingly and brings tears to the eyes.
The final concert by the Festival Orchestra opened with Watkins' affectingly idiomatic Three Welsh Songs for String Orchestra.
Considering his subject matter - junkyards and strip mines, for example - Burtynsky's work is affectingly lyrical.
Having said that, Larkin (by choice or disposition) never matches the fierce note that Amis strikes so affectingly in poems such as "Nothing to Fear" ("I seem to sense/ A different style of caller at my back/ As cold as ice, but just as set on me") and in his squalid portrait of the Welsh traveling salesman Dai Evans from "The Evans Country" sequence: Hearing how tourists, dazed with reverence, Looked through sunglasses at the Parthenon, Dai thought of that cold night outside the Gents When he touched Dilys up with his gloves on.
(21) Only in the altarpieces does Duccio, over time, develop a convincingly proportioned infant Christ, while it is in the small-scale paintings that he explores most affectingly the intimate relation of mother and child, with the figures gazing at each other rather than at the viewer-worshipper.
And, most affectingly, cheerful young Kenyan refugee Philip got the chance of a career as an accountant in John's own firm.
Soprano Joanne Lunn, alto Amanda Pyke, tenor Joseph Cornwall and baritone Christopher Foster sang clearly and affectingly.
Miss Lonelyhearts and The Day of the Locust are the novels in which his warnings are most profoundly and affectingly delivered, and their place in the American canon is assured.
For a reporter, Spinner is affectingly open: "The pace of covering the battle, of seeing the devastating injuries, of watching troops injured and killed, of watching insurgents blown to shreds, of seeing the city destroyed, of trying to capture all of it, exhausted me after weeks and weeks."
The imagined sidereal calm contrasts affectingly with the turbulence of agitated suffering that has run through the poem.