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Psychol the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an emotional state that is characterized by a turbulent and relatively short course (rage, anger, horror, and so forth). The manifestation of affect is linked with sharply expressed changes both in the autonomous motor sphere (inhibition or overexcitation and disorder in the coordination of movement) and in the sphere of vegetative reactions (change of pulse and breathing, spasms of the peripheral blood vessels, the appearance of so-called cold sweat, and so forth). Affect can disturb the normal course of the higher psychic processes of perception and thinking and can cause a decrease in consciousness or its loss. Under certain conditions, negative affect can be fixated in the memory in the form of so-called affective complexes. These traces of past affective states can become reactivated in the present under the influence of irritants associated with the situation that caused the affect. Another important peculiarity of affect is that with the repetition of a negative affect which is caused by the same factor or analogous factors, its manifestation can be reinforced (the phenomenon of “accumulation” of affect), sometimes creating the impression of pathological conduct. The presence of strong affective states in a person at the time when he commits an action is regarded by the law as a circumstance that decreases the degree of his responsibility for these actions.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Conscious awareness of feelings; mood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Psychic equivalence produces a sensation-laden bodily expression of the affect (Vector One); and pretend mode produces an affectless, concretely cognitive negation of affect (Vector Two).
Each character is portrayed as so hopelessly stupid and/or affectless as to be a cartoon, the husband a bloated oaf, his best friend an imbecile, the woman herself a veritable zombie, along with the dull-witted personnel who work in the dreary discount store.
Bennell's love interest, Becky Driscoll (played by Dana Wynter), to the aliens' synergetic and affectless collective.
Canonical culture and criticism remain committed to a masculinity of affectless mastery, often perpetuated in the same breath that proclaims it dead.
Maps and surveys, on the other hand, tend to be affectless. There is no emotional or moral room in either for the agonized histories of dispossession, enclosure, rack-renting, eviction, and vagrancy upon which such paintings (particularly estate views) are materially predicated.
In his fascinating but strangely affectless new book, Beito tells the remarkable story of fraternal organizations--all those Masons, Moose, Oddfellows, Woodmen, and so forth--as mutual benefit societies that enabled vast numbers of Americans to safeguard their families without the stigma of charity or the snare of long-term dependence.
Willis relays her very particular narrative through the flat, affectless voice of its teenage protagonist, Tamara: "We move each year in spring, like birds migrating, except we don't go back to a familiar place.
May] the most specious of instruments, a parasitic offspring of the harp and the harpsichord." They are crude, "affectless," charmless.
As the sweetness of teen-girl tribadism gives way to affectless violence right out of a Quentin Tarantino movie, the audience gets progressively sickened and outraged.
It's not that there aren't families with communication problems in my suburb, but hardly one so clueless, affectless and ultimately boring.
Not only Cameron--who had the genius to cast the unearthly slab of beefcake as an affectless killer cyborg in The Terminator--but also Ivan Reitman, who doubled the actor's popular constituency by exploiting Schwarzenegger's canny willingness to make fun of himself by playing comedy.