Fibers of P2X3 receptor-positive immunoreactive neurons are projected to spinal dorsal horn (SDH) II with the expression in these afferent nerve
endings  being significantly positively regulated by EA [50,51].
that enter the brain or spinal cord may synapse with efferent nerves that leave the central nervous system and terminate in various effectors.
Neuroma formation and abnormal afferent nerve
discharges after partial beak amputation (beak-trimming) in poultry.
The bio-effects listed by the developer, Mission Research Corporation, include: shrapnel-less flash-bang, cutaneous peripheral afferent nerves
(pain, susceptibility to chemical agents, lesions), cutaneous peripheral efferent nerves (temporary paralysis, choking, fibrillation), central nervous system (disorientation).
It is also established that the epistellar body sends afferent nerves
that pass across the stellate ganglion and connect with the central nervous system, via the mantle connective (pallial) nerve.
The presence of peripheral opioid receptors is shown in immune cells and primary afferent neurons in animals and also on the peripheral terminals of primary afferent nerves
Urothelium, afferent nerves
, CNS processing, efferent mechanisms and unstable bladder contribute to overactivity but the relative roles remain unclear.
We speculate that particles may also exert these effects through the afferent nerves
to the vasomotor center in the brainstem, leading to increases of parasympathetic tone of the heart and peripheral vascular system (17,18).
Type I hair cells are flask-shaped and connected to a single large afferent nerve
In addition BTX-A appears to have an effect by modulating the release of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from urothelium the effect being seen on afferent nerve